Finnish American Heritage Center
FINNISH FOLKLORE AND SOCIAL CHANGE IN THE GREAT LAKES MINING REGION ORAL HISTORY PROJECT 1972-1978
(Funded in part by the National Endowment For The Humanities)

F.F.S.C.G.L.M.R. DIGITIZATION PROJECT 2010-2011
(Funded in part by the Keweenaw National Historic Park Advisory Commission)

 

Overview:

A large collection of oral histories from the Copper Country (in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan) and northeastern Minnesota were recorded in the 1970's by staff and students of Suomi College, now Finlandia University. Rev. Dr. Arthur Puotinen led the project and received a grant from the Untied States National Endowment for the Humanities. While there many interviews with Finnish Americans from the Great Lakes Region, the scope of the project also included people from other communities and ethnic groups, and includes clergy, lawmen, doctors, and business leaders such as William Parsons Todd of the Quincy Mining Company. There are approximately 250 hours of transcribed interviews and about 150 hours of non-transcribed interviews. The tapes and transcripts are located at Finlandia University's Finnish-American Historical Archive and Museum in Hancock, Michigan.

In 2010, the Finnish American Historical Archive and Museum received a generous grant from the Keweenaw National Historic Park Advisory Commission to digitize the Finnish Folklore and Social Change in the Great Lakes Mining Region Oral History collection:

  • 580 digital audio .wav files were created, representing each side of each tape from 248 interviews.
  • 211 digital audio excerpts, pulled from 178 interviews, were created, described, and converted into mono .mp3 files for online presentation.
  • All 203 transcripts were scanned into .pdf documents and are text-searchable (although the "OCR" text-scanning software does not recognize the entire text of interviews, there is about 80% coverage).
  • 233 interviews were described using United States Library of Congress Subject Headings.
  • 28 interviewee portraits, originally photographed by Peter Oikarinen, were scanned for online presentation. Click on the thumbnails below for larger .jpg versions of the portraits.

Complete interviews are available to visiting researchers at the Finnish American Historical Archive.

Click here for a list of project contributors from the 1970's and the current project.

Copyright:

Finlandia University, formerly Suomi College, holds the exclusive copyright to the entirety of its Finnish Folklore and Social Change in the Great Lakes Mining Region Oral History Collection, including its associated audio files, .pdf transcript s, and images, which are being presented online for research and academic purposes. Any utilization that does not fall under the United States standard of Fair Use (see U.S. Copyright Office or Library of Congress), including unauthorized re-publication, is a violation of Federal Law. For any other use, express written consent must be obtained from the Finnish American Historical Archive: archives@finlandia.edu


A 
Abramson, Mrs. Ralph (Lempinen)
Ahola, Mrs. Ida ; Stadius, Mrs. Ardelle
Alanen, Arvid
Aldrich, Annie
Alto, Aliina and son Toivo "Rusty"
Anderson, Annie and Leon (Santini's Bar)
Anderson, Wallace
Andrews, Dr. Clarence
Antila, Elroy
Arsenault, Walt
Autio, Amelia
Auvinen, Lempi (Johnson)
B 
Bartanen, Hattie S.
Bell, Roy D.
Bell, Warren M.
Bergh, Russell ; Homlund, Walter S. ; Marsi, Minne
Bigando, Battista
Bigando, John
Brennan, Pat
Brown, Russell ; Butkovich, John
Butala, Rose A.
Butler, Ruth (Gibson)
C 
Chapman, Leslie
Cooper, Virginia A.
E 
Eilola, Ray
Erickson, Arthur B.
Erickson, Arthur ; Pelto, Emil ; Waisanen, William and Matt
Erickson, Bertha
Erickson, Ida S.
Erikainen, Otto
Erkkila, Linne Maria
Errikainen, Urho
Eskola, Sylvia [Bonnie]
F 
Fitzpatric, Ida (Saari)
Foley, Jack
Foremen, Willard
Foster, William John
Fournier, Eleanor B.
Fredd, Victor
G 
Gardner, William A.
Godell, Swande
Good, R. Allen
Goodell, Robert
Goodell, Swande
Gray, Mattie ; Funk, Olive ; Savela, Wilmer L.
Gustafson, Gust A.
H 
Haas, Isaac Newton
Halinen, Rev. Martin
Hamer, Ken ; Courchaine, Archie
Hansen, Mary ; Hendrickson, Tillie
Harvey, Al
Haug, Anne
Heideman, Rev. Paul and Eva (Kaukkonen)
Heikkilä, Anna Lydia
Heikkila, Walter
Heiman, Viljo
Heinonen, Adrian
Heinonen, Adrian ; Kemppainen, Denia
Hendrickson, Nick ; Palosaari, John
Hill, Gust E.
Hill, Mrs. Jean
Hiltunen, Vivian
Hinks, Frank and Richard
Hoffman, Emma
Hogback, Laina
Hohl, Charles
Hokkanen, John Emil
Holmio, Armas
Holmlund, Walt
Huhtala, Helen
Hyypio, Axel
Hyypio, Olga Marie (Peterson)
I 
Isola, Mrs. Anna
J 
Jaaskelainen, Heimo "Paddy"
Jacka, Bertha
Jackala, Katie
Jacobson, Aileen (Savola)
Janis, Dr. A. J.
Jarvin, Elma (Mrs. George A.)
Johnson, Laina (Malila)
Johnson, Lempi
Johnson, Walter
Jutila, Aina Aliida
K 
Kallungi, Herman
Kangas, Anna
Kangas, Anna (Larson)
Kangas, Bertha ; Gray, Denise ; Funk, Mrs.
Kangas, Everett and Rachel
Kangas, Matt
Karinen, Hilda (Taurianen)
Karjala, Mrs. Isaac
Karjala, Elmina
Karkanen, Julia
Karni, Ina (Niemi)
Keifer, Charles
Kelly, Michael
Kemppainen, Hugo ; McClung, Sam
Kero, Walerus
Keto, John
Kezele, Joseph ; Foremen , Willard
King, Ida
King, Jane
Kivisaari, Amanda
Klemetti, Mrs. Hugo
Koepel, Louis
Koivisto, Edith Armida (Laine)
Koopikka, Eva Juliana (Koski)
Koski, Aily (Elo)
Koski, Ernie
Koski, Saima (Juntunen)
Koski, Richard
Kugler, Mrs. Paulina ; Eisermann, Mathilda
Nykanen, Minnie ; Wubbena, Ms. Lenora ; Popke, Mrs. Helene
Kuitanen, Cecilia
Kuntz, Mrs. ; Courchaine, Joe ; Latendresse, Mrs.
Kuopus, Wilbert
L 
Lahti, Leonard
Lahti, Leonard and Esther
Lantto, Paul
Larsen, Evert
Larson, Amanda (Wiltinen)
Larson, Hilder and Evelyn
Lehtinen, Kaarle H.
Lehto, Don ; Heikkinen, Earnest
Lehto, Waino "Pops"
Leiviska, Helen (Kruuth)
Lent, Harold ; McDonald, Mrs.
Lepisto, Mrs. Sigrid
Litsenberger, John
Loukinen, Martin E.
Lukkarila, Nick
Luokkanen, Henry
M 
MacDonald, James
Maclean, Blanche
Maki, Anselm "Anssu"
Maki, George, Taimi and Joe
Maki, Hilma ; Laine, Anne
Maki, Senja (Maunu)
Maki, Wilho "Buck"
Mantila, Ron
Martin, Matt
Martino, Bill
Matthews, Frank
Mattila, John and Saima
Mattson, Mr. and Mrs. Matt ; Swetish, Mr. and Mrs. Joe
Mattson, Peter
McMahon, Jack
McManiman, Charles O.
Michelson, Andrew
Mikkola, Chef
Milden, Gary
Miller, Gust
Miller, Mrs. Helene
Mills, Edward W. and Mrs. ; Ruolo, Mrs.
Mills, Mrs. Edward
Murtonen, Dr. Leonard
Mustonen, Mabel
Mutkala, Arthur
Mutkala, Eva
Myers, Ina;Ilona
Mykkanen, Impi Edith (Samanen)
Myrick, William
N 
Nancarrow, Jennie Grace
Narhi, Gladys
Nash, Jim
Nelson, Alex
Nelson, Rev. Keith
Nicholas, Jean
Niemi, Arthur J. and Ilma
Niemisto, Reuben
Niska, Mr. and Mrs. Charles
Noblet, U. John and Gladys (Nebel)
Nodstrom, Charles O.
O 
Odgers, Millicent Marie
Oikarinen, Jafet
Oinas, Arthur
Oja, Matti and Lyyli
Oja, Matt and Reuben
Ojala, Esther
Ojala, Esther and Lyle
Ojala, Toivo
Olander, Robert
Ollanketo, John
Olson, Maurice
O'Meara, James and Lydia
O'Meara, Jim
P 
Padberg, Louise
Paulson, Fred J.
Pelto, Alfred
Pelto, Emil
Pelto, Ilmi
Perander, Dagmar (Saari)
Pesonen, Emil and Elmi
Peters, Pastor James and Elaine
Peterson, Helmer
Polkala, John
Popovich, Nick
Puotinen, Art ; et al
Puotinen, Hap
Pykkonen, Edward and Anna (Heikkinen)
Pyorala, Arvo
Q 
Quilliam, Mrs. Lillian
R 
Rajanen, Adolph
Rankinen, E. Olaf
Ranta, William
Raymond, Edmund
Reed, Grace (Markham)
Reinhart, Fr. Charles
Rintala, Jack
Roberts, Raymond B.
Rogers, Theodore
Rozich, Frances
Ruohonen, Mr. and Mrs. Jack
Ruohoniemi, Hilda
Ruona, Bill and Nora
Ryding, Rev. Norman
S 
Saari, Katri ; Keskinen, Vera
Salmi, Walter Hugo and Mrs. Mayme
Salminen, Fanny (Beck)
Salo, Impi Rautavirta (Saari)
Sarkela, Sandra (Makela)
Savela, Esther and Wilmer
Schwalm, Fred
Seaton, Donald W. and Kenneth
Seppala, Signe
Sheehan, Myrtle (Dwyer) ; Wimlars, Jo
Shoupe, Mae
Sinervo, Eugene
Slagg, Mrs
Smith, Mason
Snabb, Henry
Snyder, John W.
Spirofff, Kiril
Sullivan, John L.
Suojanen, Reino
Suomi, Hilja
Supanich, Mrs. Mike
Suvanto, Price Arvo
T 
Tahtinen, Don ; Pelto, Alfred
Tainio, Onnie E.
Tapiola Senior Citizen's Club
Tauriainen, Matt and Hilja
Tervonen, Helena (Rajala)
Tikkanen, Ailie
Todd, William Parsons
Torkala, Mrs. Helen
Torma, Fred
Train, Alger
Train, Alfred and Winifred (Moore)
Trezise, Norman
Tuomi, Fanni
Turunen, Evelyn
Turunen, Reuben
U 
Unknown
Uusitalo, Eino ; Erickson, Emil ; Takalo, John ; Hiltunen, Alice
V 
Vivian, Elizabeth
W 
Waisanen, William
Waisanen, William, Matt ; Erickson, Art
Wakeham, William and Eva
Walli, Frank
Warner, Anne and Earl
Wiljanen, Martha
Williams, Barbara
Willman, Judge Charles
Willmers, Edward
Wilmars, Jo (Kelly)
Winker, Dr. Henry J.
Wittaniemi, Arvid
Woodbury, Edson Odell
Y 
Yokie, Edith M.

 Atop of page

  ffsc-001
 Abramson, Mrs. Ralph (Lempinen)
 Born 14 Jan 1892
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 1 Aug 1973 in Abramson's cottage, outside of Greenland, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1870s - 1920s
Places and Names: Calumet, Red Jacket, Quincy, Allouez, Tamarack, Boston Location, Centennial, Finland, Ahmeek, Detroit, Hancock. Bethlehem Church; Pastor Bäck; Pastor Rautanen; Italian Hall
Subjects: Boardinghouses; Church; Confirmation; Copper mines and mining; Emigration and immigration; Finnish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Finnish language, Business enterprises; Finnish newspapers; Finnish-American Mining Company; Knights of Kaleva -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Mohawk Mining Company; Naturalization; Neighbors; Nikander, J. K. (Juho Kustaa), 1855-1919; Recreation; Schools; Socialism -- Finnish Americans; Temperance; Winter
Excerpt  T1S2  6:57 - 14:53  Abramson's visit to Finland in 1910.
Subject terms: Finnish American Mining Company; Finland; Mining; Finnish-Americans; Brewery; Helsinki

  ffsc-002
 Ahola, Mrs. Ida ; Stadius, Mrs. Ardelle
 

Interviewed by:
Armstrong, Helen. 15 Nov 1976 in Hancock, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1920s - 1970s
Subjects: Arts and crafts; Childbirth; Cooking; Family -- History; Finnish Americans; Food; Home remedies; Knitting; Languages and language; Manners and customs; Massage; Medical care; Midwifery; Physicians; Sauna; Traditional medicine

  ffsc-003
 Alanen, Arvid
 Born 26 Jan 1897, Ishpeming, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ranta, Elma. Apr 1975 in Ishpeming, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1880s - mid 1900s
Places and Names: Copper Harbor; Houghton; Ishpeming; Laihia, Finland; Marquette; Calumet; Illinois
Subjects: Boardinghouses; Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Company; Copper mines and mining -- Accidents;Emigration and immigration; Family; Farming; Farming -- Finland; Finnish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Geological surveys; Schools; Weddings;
Excerpt  T1S1  0:34 - 4:51  Story of how Alanen's father left Finland
Subject terms: Finland; Finnish-Americans; Finland -- Farms; Immigration; Kalevala, Vaasa

  ffsc-004
 Aldrich, Annie
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Berry, Betty. 18 Jul 1973
Inclusive dates: late 1800s - 1940s
Places and Names: Atlantic Mine, Painesdale, Houghton, Painesdale, Keweenaw Club. Doctor Aldrich, Atlantic Mine, Amphidrome; Mining Gazette
Subjects: Christmas; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Cornish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Epidemics; Family; Great Depression; Hockey -- Houghton (Mich.); Hunting; Medical care; Methodist Church -- Houghton (Mich.); Mines and mining resources -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Physicians; Prohibition; Schools; Strikes and lockouts -- Copper mining -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Temperance; Transportation -- Houghton (Mich.); United States. Works Progress Administration; Women -- Suffrage -- Houghton (Mich.); World War, 1939-1945;

  ffsc-005
 Alto, Aliina and son Toivo "Rusty"
 

Interviewed by:
Niemi, Adrian. 18 Feb 1975 in Virginia, Minn. In Finnish
Inclusive dates: 1913
Subjects: Agriculture; Alcohol; Bars (drinking establishments); Brothels; Capone, Al, 1899-1947; Dillinger, John, 1903-1934; Emigration and immigration; Gambling; Gangsters; Hurley (Wis.); Ironwood (Mich.); Logging; Mafia; Prostitution; Proverbs; Roulette; Superstition; Traditional medicine;

  ffsc-006
 Anderson, Annie and Leon (Santini's Bar)
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Maki, Randy in Santini's Hotel and Bar, Hurley, Wisc.
Inclusive dates: 1930s - 1970s
Places and Names: Hurley, WI. Al Capone; John Dillinger
Excerpt  T1S1  10:44 - 12:49  Gangsters in and around Hurley, WI in the 1930s
Subject terms: Hurley, WI; Gangsters; Capone, Al; Dillinger, John; Shootings

  ffsc-007
 Anderson, Wallace
 Born in Pequaming, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 20 Feb 1975 in Anderson's home, Houghton, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1870s - 1970s
Places and Names: Pequaming, Finntown -- Pequaming, Zeba -- Pequaming, Dollar Bay, Houghton, Hancock. Hebard Lumber Company
Subjects: Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Copper wire, World War I; Emigration and immigration; Hockey -- Pequaming (Mich.), Gunsmithing; Irish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Logging; Lumber Camps; Michigan Technological University; Norwegian Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Pioneers -- Pequaming (Mich.); Quincy Mining Company; Sawmills; Strikes and lockouts -- Copper mining; World War, 1914-1918;
Excerpt  T1S2  8:56 - 14:59  Recollections of playing ice hockey
Subject terms: Hockey, Pequaming, Amphidrome, Dollar Bay Wanderers, Houghton
Excerpt  T1S1  1:23 - 2:13  Military intelligence for the Air Force in Japan
Subject terms: Military intelligence; USAF; Armed forces; Japan

  ffsc-008
 Anderson, Wallace
 

Interviewed by:
Whitman, Robert. 11 Apr 1975 in Interviewee's office
Inclusive dates: 1940s - 1970s
Places and Names: Japan, Germany
Subjects: Germany; Investigations; Japan; Military intelligence; United States. Air Force.;

  ffsc-009
 Andrews, Dr. Clarence
 Born in Iowa, professor at MTU
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Olson, Bob in WMPL Radio Station, Houghton, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1913-1914
Places and Names: Calumet, Red Jacket, Hancock, Houghton, Quincy, Painesdale. Charles Moyer, Annie Clements "Big Annie," Anna Rabas, Charles Struzel, Laurie Waatti, John Maynarich, Ed Rossberg, Mary Grentz, Francis Steke, Woody Guthrie, Rose Stukel Sever, Arelia Goodreau Rintala, Walter Lahti, Annie Clements, "Big Annie," Marian Kentala Mosack, Westala, Irene Alla, Steve Verbanick, Jim Stukel, Anthony Lucas, William Jane, Samuel Rowe, A. B. Newton, Russell Waatti, Company G -- Houghton; Painesdale Shooting, McNaughton, Charles Struzel, Andicot Lovell, Amanda Lampala, Rueben Hill, Charles Laurie, Peter Murphy, Tony Podriznik
Subjects: Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Copper mines and mining; Croatian Americans -- Michigan; Finnish Americans -- Michigan; Italian Hall Disaster, Calumet, Mich., 1913; Labor unions; Slovenian Americans -- Michigan; Strikes and lockouts -- Copper mining; Western Federation of Miners;

  ffsc-010
 Antila, Elroy
 Born 20 Nov 1929, Calumet, Mich.

Interviewed by:
Mills, Gary J. 6 Aug 1975 in Suomi College
Inclusive dates: 1920s - 1930s
Places and Names: Calumet, MI. Calumet Schools, Ishpeming Iron Mining History, love, stories
Subjects: Calumet (Mich.); Education Schools;

  ffsc-011
 Arsenault, Walt
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 9 Dec 1975

  ffsc-012
 Autio, Amelia
 

Interviewed by:
Niemi, Adrian. 6 Oct 1975 in Orr, Minn. In Finnish

  ffsc-013
 Auvinen, Lempi (Johnson)
 Born 10 Feb 1899, Crystal Falls, Mich.

Interviewed by:
Armstrong, Helen. 1 Nov 1976 in Crystal Falls, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Venezuela
Subjects: Arts and crafts; Childbirth; Cooking; Education; Finnish Americans; Food -- Finnish; Hairstyles Home remedies; Land tenure -- Law and legislation -- Finland; Massage; Medical care; Midwifery; Midwifery; Names, Finnish; Physician; Sauna; Schools -- Finland; Traditional medicine; Venezuela; Weaving; Family -- History;
Excerpt  T1S1  5:50 - 9:25  Finnish surnames and how they come about
Subject terms: Finland; Finnish Americans; Surnames; Family names

 Btop of page

  ffsc-014
 Bartanen, Hattie S.
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 8 Aug 1972
Excerpt  T1S1  0:00 - 7:57  Emigration from Finland. Father was bi-lingual. School and homeownership. Home remedies. Cupping.
Subject terms: Emigration and Immigration; Finnish Americans; Home ownership; Wolverine (Mich.); Education; Copper mines and mining; Traditional medicine; Cupping

  ffsc-015
 Bell, Roy D.
 Born in Munising, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Lavery, Allan. 31 Jan 1974 in L'Anse, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1920s - 1954
Places and Names: L'Anse, Munising, Baraga, Pequaming. Hebard Lumber Company, Thomas Nestor
Subjects: Bears; Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Company; Ford Motor Company; Forest and forestry -- Valuation -- Michigan; Logging -- Michigan; Lumber Camps -- Michigan; Mead Corporation; Nestor Lumber Company; Paper mills; Sawmills -- Michigan; Snowshoes and snowshoeing;
Excerpt  T1S1  39:02 - 40:51  Bell meeting a bear in the woods
Subject terms: Bears, Hunting, Woods
Excerpt  T1S1  31:00 - 33:29  Recollection of lumber camps
Subject terms: Lumber Camps, Logging, Woods, Lumber Camps -- Food, Lumber Camps -- Living Conditions

  ffsc-016
 Bell, Warren M.
 Born 26 Aug 1882, Chicago, IL
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, Paul. 27 Jul 1972 in Hancock, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1897 - 1950s
Places and Names: Hancock, Calumet, Quincy. Western Express, Houghton County Department of Social Welfare, Public Relief Commission
Subjects: Boys' Brigade; Church; Congregational Church -- Hancock (Mich.); Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Copper mines and mining; Cornish Americans -- Michigan; Ethnic groups; Finnish Americans -- Michigan; Great Depression; High schools -- Hancock (Mich.); Home remedies; Law enforcement; Medical care; Physicians; Public welfare -- Houghton County (Mich.); Quincy Mining Company; Recreation; Schools; Strikes and lockouts -- Copper mining; Voting; Winter; Boys' Brigade
Excerpt  T1S2  27:24 - 30:45  Dealing with people seeking welfare
Subject terms: Houghton County Department of Social Welfare, Relief, Aid, Public Relief Commission

  ffsc-017
 Bergh, Russell ; Homlund, Walter S. ; Marsi, Minne
 M. Marsi Born Jan 1888, Hurontown, Mich.; W. Homlund Born abt. 1908
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 31 Jul 1973 in Home of Walter Holmlund, Jacobsville, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1880s - 1970s
Places and Names: Jacobsville, Hancock, White City. Jacobsville Quarry, Jacobsville Finnish Lutheran Church; American Suometar, St. John's Day, Juhannus (Midsummer)
Subjects: Accidents -- Jacobsville (Mich.); Bars (Drinking establishments) -- Jacobsville (Mich.) Belgian Americans -- Michigan; Business enterprises -- Jacobsville (Mich.); Cemeteries -- Jacobsville (Mich.); Church; Confirmation; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Farming; Finnish Americans; Finnish newspapers; Fishing; Great Depression; Groceries; Logging -- Jacobsville (Mich.); Longyear, John Munro, 1850-1922; Lumber Camps -- Jacobsville (Mich.); Medical care -- Jacobsville (Mich.); Medicine; Music; Nikander, J. K. (Juho Kustaa), 1855-1919; Norwegian Americans; Physicians; Quarries and quarrying; Recreation; Sailing -- Great Lakes; Sandstone; Schools; Shipwrecks; Strikes and lockouts -- Copper mining; Suomi College; Teachers; Temperance -- Jacobsville (Mich.); Traditional medicine; United States. Works Progress Administration; Weddings; World War, 1939-1945;
Excerpt  T2S1  11:11 - 14:18  Jacobsville Quarry & Sandstone
Subject terms: Jacobsville Quarry, Jacobsville Sandstone, Marquette, Jacobsville, Architecture, Buildings
Excerpt  T1S2  1:13 - 2:50  Telling of Erkki Kangas' shooting of Dr. Meloche
Subject terms: Jacobsville; Kangas, Erkki; Dr. Meloche; Shooting; Doctors; Medical care

  ffsc-018
 Bigando, Battista
 Born 8 Aug 1883, Italy
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Anderson, Wallace. 7 Aug 1973 in Home of Bat Bigando, Calumet, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1890s - 1930s
Places and Names: Calumet; Spring Valley, IL; Houghton; Laurium; Allouez. Kerredge Theatre -- Hancock
Subjects: Boardinghouses; Calumet & Hecla Band; Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Circus; Coal mines and mining; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Copper mines and mining -- Accidents; Emigration and immigration; Family; Great Depression; Hockey; Italian Americans -- Michigan; Italian Hall Disaster, Calumet, Mich., 1913; Medical care -- Calumet (Mich.); Miners; Mining; Musicians; Physicians; Strikes and lockouts -- Copper mining; Theaters; Mining; Circus; Copper mines and mining; Copper mines and mining -- Accidents; Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Calumet & Hecla Band
Excerpt  T1S1  8:26 - 12:57  Recollections of being in the C&H Band
Subject terms: Calumet & Hecla, C&H, C&H Band, Calumet & Hecla Band, Band, Music, Concerts, Orchestras

  ffsc-019
 Bigando, John
 Born 7 Jul 1885, Italy
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Anderson, Wallace. 7 Jul 1973 in Allouez, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1880s - 1940s
Places and Names: Torino, Finland; Spring Valley, IL; Calumet; Rambletown; Calumet; Chicago; Detroit

  ffsc-020
 Bigando, John
 Born 7 Jul 1885, Italy
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Anderson, Wallace. 20 Jul 1973 in Allouez, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1880s - 1940s
Places and Names: Calumet; Detroit; Hancock; Rambletown. Kerredge Theatre -- Hancock
Subjects: Boardinghouses, Recreation, Picnics, Great Depression; Boxing; Calumet & Hecla Band; Calumet (Mich.); Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Emigration and immigration; Ethnic groups; Ethnic relations; Food Irish Americans;Bands; Nisonen, Martti, 1891-1946; Sligo (Ireland); Suomi College; Transatlantic voyages; United States. Works Progress Administration; Food United States. Works Progress Administration;

  ffsc-021
 Brennan, Pat
 Born 1878, Sligo, Ireland

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 28 Jan 1976
Inclusive dates: 1890s - 1970s
Places and Names: New York; Chicago; Sligo, Ireland; Calumet, MI
Excerpt  T1S1  15:50 - 17:24  Famous boxers came to Calumet for exhibitions
Subject terms: Boxing; Recreation; Athletes; Boxers; Calumet, MI

  ffsc-022
 Brown, Russell ; Butkovich, John
 Born 5 Feb 1890?, Michigan (Brown)

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown). 30 June 1975
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1930s
Subjects: Clairvoyance; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Copper mines and mining; Copper Range Railroad Company; Distilling, Illicit; Fourth of July celebrations; Games; Great Depression; Home remedies; Hunting; Italian Hall Disaster, Calumet, Mich., 1913; Midwifery; Mine lighting;Mineral Range Railroad Company; Picnics; Plays; Railroad accidents; Railroads -- Employees; Recreation; Slovenian Americans; Theaters; Traditional medicine; Yugoslav Americans;
Excerpt  T1S2  21:33 - 22:50  Had to walk if you wanted to get to your hunting camp
Subject terms: Walking as transport; Hunting; Central, MI; Calumet, MI; Recreation

  ffsc-023
 Butala, Rose A.
 Born abt 1894, Calumet, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Fisher, Betty. 8 Aug 1974
Inclusive dates: early 1900s - 1959
Places and Names: Calumet, Laurium. Michigan Bell Telephone Company
Subjects: Calumet and Hecla Mining Company;Childhood; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914;Italian Hall Disaster, Calumet, Mich., 1913;Mines and mineral resources -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.), , Music;Radio; Recreation; Schools;Strikes and lockouts -- Copper mining;Tailors; Telephone operators -- Calumet (Mich.);Telephone operators;Winter storms -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.);World War I;

  ffsc-024
 Butler, Ruth (Gibson)
 Born 11 Jul 1891, Republic, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, Paul. 9 Aug 1972
Inclusive dates: 1860s - 1970s
Places and Names: Republic, Mass City, Houghton, Mexico, Calumet, Victoria, Rockland. Republic Mine, Republic Methodist Church, Bayview Study Club, Houghton County Historical Society, Eleanor Roosevelt, Census Taker
Subjects: Alcohol Books; Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Camp Fire Girls; Church Constitutional conventions -- Michigan; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Dating (Social customs) Education; Elections; Engineering; Family; Great Depression; High Schools -- Houghton (Mich.); Home remedies, Logging; Lumber; Mexico -- History -- Revolution, 1910-1920; Michigan Technological University; Michigan. State Highway Commission; Mine accidents -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Mines and mineral resources -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.) Mining corporations; Political campaigns; Postsecondary education -- Michigan; Reading; Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ); Schools; Stables; Strikes and lockouts -- Copper mining; Universities and colleges -- Michigan; Weddings; Women in politics; World War, 1914-1918;
Excerpt  T2S2  12:55 - 15:10  Speculations of Future of Copper Country
Subject terms: Copper Country, Houghton
Excerpt  T2S1  8:54 - 13:05  Opinions on mine politics and mining companies
Subject terms: Mine Companies; Mine Accidents; Mine Politics; Widows; Funerals; Victoria, MI; Rockland Cemetery

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  ffsc-026
 Chapman, Leslie
 Born 1894
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, Paul. 3 Aug 1972 in Calumet, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1880s - 1940s
Places and Names: Calumet, Dollar Bay, Tamarack Mills, Osceola Mills, Ishpeming, Negaunee, Atlantic Mine, Arizona, Mayflower, Tamarack, Rambletown. Calumet and Hecla Mining Company Security, Smelter Patent Lawsuit
Subjects: Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Circus; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Copper mining; Cornish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Crime; Distilling, Illicit; Education; Elections; Family; Finnish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Great Depression; Home remedies; Italian Hall Disaster, Calumet, Mich., 1913; Labor unions; Law enforcement; Police; Prohibition; Recipes; Recreation; Sailing -- Great Lakes; Sailing -- South America; Schools; Strikes and lockouts -- Copper mining; Swedish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Calumet and Hecla Mining Company

  ffsc-027
 Cooper, Virginia A.
 Born abt 1910, Hubbell
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Berry, Betty. 7 Aug 1973 in Houghton, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1930s
Places and Names: Eagle River, Hubbell, Houghton, Kenton, Cliff Mine, Sidnaw, Kenton, Berglund. Couzens Fund, Thimbleberry Jam, Amphidrome, Kerredge Theatre
Subjects: Charities; Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.) -- Michigan; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Finnish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Great Depression; High Schools -- Houghton (Mich.); Influenza Epidemic, 1918-1919; Michigan Technological University; Physicians, Recreation, Rural schools; Schools; Teaching; Transportation, Tuberculosis Winter, World War, 1914-1918;Schools;

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  ffsc-029
 Eilola, Ray
 Born in Pelkie, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown) in Pelkie, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1910s - 1970s
Places and Names: Pelkie
Subjects: Family; Farm equipment; Farming;Gardening; Livestock; Neighbors;

  ffsc-030
 Erickson, Arthur B.
 Born in Pelkie, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 20 Oct 1973 in Pelkie, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900 - 1970s
Places and Names: Pelkie, Baraga
Subjects: Bars (Drinking establishments) -- Pelkie (Mich.); Business enterprises -- Pelkie (Mich.); Dairying, Cooperative -- Pelkie (Mich.); Dunsmore, John; Farm equipment; Farm life -- Pelkie (Mich.); Farming -- Pelkie (Mich.); Farming -- Pelkie (Mich.); Haying equipment; Logging -- Upper Michigan (Mich.); Lumber camps -- Upper Michigan (Mich.); Medical care -- Pelkie (Mich.); Nestor Lumber Company; Pelkie, William, b. 1853 Physicians; Rural families -- Pelkie (Mich.); Sawmills; Telephone;
Excerpt  T2S1  12:43 - 16:48  Describing process of clearing land for farming
Subject terms: Pelkie; Farming; Farm equipment; Clearing land

  ffsc-031
 Erickson, Arthur ; Pelto, Emil ; Waisanen, William and Matt
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 21 Oct 1973 in Waisanen's home in Pelkie, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1950s
Subjects: Anecdotes; Bars (drinking establishments); Bears; Cattle -- Prices; Cheese factories; Community life -- Pelkie (Mich.); Cooperative societies -- Pelkie (Mich.); Country life Country life; Creameries -- Pelkie (Mich.); Dairy farming; Deer; Disappeared persons; Farming; Game wardens; Ghost stories; Great Depression; Hunting; Law enforcement; Log Transportation; Milk; Partridges; Pelkie (Mich.); Poaching; Post office stations and branches; Restaurants; Rural landowners; Rural roads; Rural schools; Skunks; Timber; Transportation, Wild animals; Wolves;

  ffsc-032
 Erickson, Arthur B.
 Born in Pelkie, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 5 Oct 1974 in Pelkie, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1930s
Places and Names: Baraga, Sturgeon River, Chassell, L'Anse, Pelkie. Swede Pete aka Peter Nelson Rane aka Whiskey Pekka, Worcester Lumber Company -- Chassell, Thomas Bond, Matt Oja, Urho Erikainen
Subjects: Bars (Drinking establishments); Business enterprises -- Pelkie (Mich.); Communism -- Pelkie (Mich.); Cooperative societies -- Pelkie (Mich.); Dairying, Cooperative -- Pelkie (Mich.); Dance parties; Deer hunting; Distilling, Illicit; Dunsmore, John; Finnish Americans -- Michigan; Finnish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.), Recreation; Logging -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Logging Camps; Lumber camps -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Medicine; Nestor Lumber Company ; Pelkie, William, b. 1853 People -- Pelkie (Mich.); Recreation; Sawmills; Swedish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Tonics (Medicinal preparations);

  ffsc-033
 Erickson, Bertha
 Born 20 Aug 1912, Atlantic Mine, Mich.

Interviewed by:
Erickson, Bill. 20 Aug 1975 in Ahmeek, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1910 - 1920s
Places and Names: Painesdale Grade School; Miss Jarvis
Subjects: Education;Schools -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Teachers
Excerpt  T1S1  3:10 - 3:39  The end of World War One at school
Subject terms: Schools -- Painesdale; World War One; Armistice

  ffsc-034
 Erickson, Ida S.
 Born in Ely, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ollila, Douglas. 9 Aug 1973 in Ely, MN
Inclusive dates: 1900s
Places and Names: Ely, MN. Finnish Stock Company -- Ely; John Edward; Suomi College
Subjects: Education; Emigration and immigration; Ethnic groups -- Minnesota; Finnish Americans -- Minnesota; Great Depression; Medical care -- Minnesota; Mines and mineral resources -- Minnesota; Nikander, J. K. (Juho Kustaa), 1855-1919; Recreation; Schools -- Minnesota -- St. Louis County; Slovenian Americans -- Minnesota; Socialism -- Minnesota; Suomi College; Suomi Synod -- Minnesota;

  ffsc-035
 Erikainen, Otto
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 4 Dec 1975
Places and Names: . Pelkie Cheese Factory, Italian Hall Disaster, Pine Creek Road, David Erikainen

  ffsc-036
 Erkkila, Linne Maria
 Born 17 Apr 1903, Ishpeming, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ranta, Elma. 5 Apr 1975 in Ishpeming, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Ishpeming. Bethel Lutheran Church
Subjects: Church -- Ishpeming (Mich.); Community life -- Ishpeming (Mich.); Elections -- Ishpeming (Mich.); Family -- History; Finnish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Funeral rites and ceremonies; Holidays -- Ishpeming (Mich.); Medical care -- Ishpeming (Mich.); Nursing; Schools -- Ishpeming (Mich.); Suomi College; Traditional medicine;
Excerpt  T1S1  16:57 - 19:38  Recollecting funerals in Ishpeming
Subject terms: Funerals; Ishpeming; Mourning

  ffsc-037
 Errikainen, Urho
 Born 1904
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 3 Jun 1973
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1930s
Places and Names: Pelkie
Subjects: Clearing of land -- Tree stump removal; Communism -- Pelkie (Mich.); Dairying, Cooperative -- Pelkie (Mich.); Family; Farming -- Pelkie (Mich.); Finnish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Gristmills -- Pelkie (Mich.); Italian Hall Disaster, Calumet, Mich., 1913; Loans; Logging -- Pelkie (Mich.);

  ffsc-038
 Errikainen, Urho
 Born 1904
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 20 Sep 1974 in Winkler Nursing Home, L'Anse, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1930s
Subjects: Chores; Community life -- Pelkie (Mich.); Cookery (Cereals); Courtship; Discipline of children; Emigration and immigration; Farming -- Pelkie (Mich.); Farming -- Pelkie (Mich.); Finnish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Fishing -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Gardening; Logging -- Pelkie (Mich.); Lumber Camps -- Pelkie (Mich.); Mineral Range Railroad; Pelkie (Mich.); Traffic Accidents;

  ffsc-039
 Eskola, Sylvia [Bonnie]
 

Interviewed by:
Longenecker, Bonnie . 1 July 197x in Interviewee's home in Hancock, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1930s - 1950s
Subjects: Education; Ethnic groups; Ethnic relations; Michigan Technological University; Northern Michigan University; Northern State Normal School (Mich.); Rural Schools -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Rural schools; Teaching;
Excerpt  T1S1  2:00 - 2:43  Rules for getting into High School from a rural school
Subject terms: Schools; Rural schools; Education; Houghton County; Examinations

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  ffsc-041
 Fitzpatric, Ida (Saari)
 Born 31 Aug 1903
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 4 Oct 1974 in Pelkie, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Pelkie. Pelkie School
Subjects: Clubs -- Pelkie (Mich.); Community life -- Pelkie (Mich.); Education -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Family -- History; Finnish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Fund raising -- Pelkie (Mich.); Peddlers -- Pelkie (Mich.); Rural schools -- Pelkie (Mich.); Teaching -- Michigan;
Excerpt  T1S1  27:56 - 29:10  First impressions of Pelkie school
Subject terms: Pelkie; Pelkie School; Teacher

  ffsc-042
 Foley, Jack
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 9 Aug 1972 in Dollar Bay, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1860s - 1970s
Places and Names: Dollar Bay
Subjects: Brothels -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Community life -- Dollar Bay (Mich.); Copper mines and mining -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Great Depression -- Detroit (Mich.); Labor unions -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Medical care -- Dollar Bay (Mich.); Mining corporations -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Quincy Mining Company; Schools -- Dollar Bay (Mich.); Socialism -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.);
Excerpt  T1S2  18:07 - 21:32  Recollections of violence during the 1913 strike
Subject terms: 1913 Strike; Violence;

  ffsc-043
 Foremen, Willard
 Born 24 Mar 1910
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Anderson, Wallace. 1 Aug 1972 in Allouez, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1860s - 1950s
Places and Names: Mohawk, Fulton
Subjects: Boardinghouses -- Mohawk (Mich.); Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Community life -- Fulton (Mich.); Community life -- Mohawk (Mich.); Copper mines and mining -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Dance parties -- Mohawk (Mich.); Elections -- Mohawk (Mich.); Ethnic groups -- Mohawk (Mich.); Great Depression; Recreation -- Mohawk (Mich.); Schools -- Mohawk (Mich.); Sports -- Mohawk (Mich.); Traditional medicine -- Mohawk (Mich.); United States. Works Progress Administration -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.);
Excerpt  T1S2  7:01 - 8:48  Sports in Mohawk
Subject terms: Sports; Mohawk; Cricket; Cornish; Welsh

  ffsc-044
 Foster, William John
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Helgren, Dorias ; Harju, Larry. 22 Jul 1974 in Michigan State Police Post: Calumet, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1950s
Places and Names: Calumet and Hecla Mining Company Security
Subjects: Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914 Law enforcement -- Calumet (Mich.);

  ffsc-045
 Fournier, Eleanor B.
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 31 Jul 1973 in Hancock, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1940s
Subjects: Bars (Drinking establishments) -- Winona (Mich.); Church -- Hancock (Mich.); French Canadians -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Great Depression -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Law enforcement; Lumber camps -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Michigan Technological University; Schools -- Winona (Mich.); Winona (Mich.); World War II
Excerpt  T1S2  17:46 -   Effects of World War II on Michigan Tech students
Subject terms: World War II; Michigan Tech

  ffsc-046
 Fredd, Victor
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 17 Jul 1972 in Hancock, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1890s - 1950s
Subjects: Hancock (Mich.); Houghton County Treasurer Quincy Mining Company; Valparaiso University;

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  ffsc-047
 Gardner, William A.
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Helgren, Dorias ; Harju, Larry. 5 Aug 1974

  ffsc-048
 Godell, Swande
 Born abt 1900, Karvia, Finland
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Tuomi, Ellen. 28 Jul 1972 in Godell's home in Chassell
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Watton, MI; Chassell, MI; Covington, MI
Subjects: Board of Education -- Chassell (Mich.); Chassell Fire Department; Churches -- Watton (Mich.); Community life -- Covington (Mich.); Community life -- Finland; Community life -- Watton (Mich.); Covington Township Supervisor; Drinking -- Illicit -- Covington (Mich.); Education -- Watton (Mich.); Emigration and immigration; Lions Club -- Chassell (Mich.); Lumber Camps -- Chassell (Mich.); Medical care -- Chassell (Mich.); Medical care -- Finland; Newspapers; Timber Producers Association of Wisconsin and Michigan; Tourism -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.);
Excerpt  T1S2  14:36 - 15:28  Rules for lumberjack dining hall
Subject terms: Lumberjacks; Dining; Rules; Watton, MI

  ffsc-049
 Good, R. Allen
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 10 Aug 1973 in Good's home in Houghton
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Hydraulic Air Compressor in Mine; Houghton County Historical Society; Keweenaw Historical Society; Marquette County Historical Society, Calumet and Hecla Mining Company Library
Subjects: Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Canada; Churches -- Hancock (Mich.); College teachers -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Communism -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Congregational Church -- Hancock (Mich.); Ethnic groups -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Family -- history; Franklin Mining Company; German Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Grand Rapids (Mich.); Great Depression; History -- Societies, etc. -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Ku Klux Klan; Michigan -- history; Michigan Technological University; Mining corporations -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Pennsylvania; United States. Works Progress Administration -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Victoria Mine -- Michigan;
Excerpt  T1S1  28:34 - 34:54  Houghton County and Keweenaw Historical Societies
Subject terms: Historical societies -- Michigan; Houghton County Historical Society; Douglass Houghton; Pancho Villa; Keweenaw Historical Society; Michigan Technological University;

  ffsc-050
 Goodell, Robert
 Born abt 1911, Painesdale, Mich.

Interviewed by:
Tarvis, Debbie. 11 Aug 1974
Inclusive dates: 1890s - 1970s
Places and Names: . Coppertown USA
Subjects: Churches -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.) Community life -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Education; Family -- History; Great Depression -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Medical care; Transportation -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.);

  ffsc-051
 Goodell, Swande
 Born 1900, Finland

Interviewed by:
Tuomi, Robert. 7 Aug 19xx in Chassell, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1940s
Places and Names: Covington, MI; Watton, MI
Subjects: Education; Ethnic groups; Ford Motor Company; Home remedies; Literacy; Logging--Accidents; Logging--Equipment and supplies; Lumber camps; Medical Care; Recreation; Schools; Wages;

  ffsc-052
 Gray, Mattie ; Funk, Olive ; Savela, Wilmer L.
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Longenecker, Bonnie . 7 Aug 1974 in Gray's home in Chassell
Inclusive dates: 1910s - 1920s
Places and Names: Chassell, MI
Subjects: Education; Schools -- Chassell (Mich.);Teachers -- Chassell (Mich.);
Excerpt  T1S2  9:38 - 13:59  Working conditions for teachers in Chassell 1910s
Subject terms: Teaching; Teachers; Chassell; Schools; Pay

  ffsc-053
 Gustafson, Gust A.
 Born 4 May 1898, Ely, Minn.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Niemi, Adrian A. 4 Dec 1974 in Gustafson's home in Duluth
Inclusive dates: 1905 - 1960s
Places and Names: Chisholm, MN; Duluth, MN. 1908 Fire in Chisholm
Subjects: Community life -- Chisholm (Minn.); Ethnic groups -- Chisholm (Minn.); Family -- History; Finlandia Foundation; Finnish Americans -- Minnesota; Fires -- Chisholm (Minn.); Mines and mining -- Chisholm (Minn.); Minnesota Finnish American Historical Society; Minnesota Power Company; Recreation -- Chisholm (Minn.); Strikes and lockouts -- Miners -- Chisholm (Minn.);
Excerpt  T1S1  3:09 - 4:23  Remembering the 1908 fire in Chisholm, MN
Subject terms: Fire; Chisholm (Minn.)

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  ffsc-054
 Haas, Isaac Newton
 Born abt 1875, Houghton, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Berry, Betty M. 21 Sep 1972 in Houghton
Inclusive dates: 1880s - 1940s
Places and Names: Houghton, MI. Sack Rider, Houghton County Fair
Subjects: Business enterprises -- Houghton (Mich.); Clothing and dress; Community life -- Houghton (Mich.); Fishing -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Hockey -- Houghton (Mich.); Hunting -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Parades -- Houghton (Mich.); Sailing -- Great Lakes;

  ffsc-055
 Halinen, Rev. Martin
 Born 30 Apr 1904, Mikkeli, Vanhamaki, Finland
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 14 Aug 1973 in Halinen's home in Hancock
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1930s
Places and Names: Mikkeli, Vanhamaki, Finland; Chicago, IL; Milwaukee, WI; Canada; Kirkland Lake, Ontario, Canada. Finnish Civil War
Subjects: Assault and battery -- Lumber camps -- Canada; Education -- Finland; Emigration and immigration; Evangelistic work -- Finland; Farm life -- Finland; Pastor; Religious education -- Finland; Religious education -- United States; Service, Compulsory -- Finland; Socialism -- Canada; Socialism -- Finland -- History;

  ffsc-056
 Hamer, Ken ; Courchaine, Archie
 

Interviewed by:
Godell, Swande. 13 Aug 1975 in Chassell, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1887-1940s
Places and Names: Chassell, MI. Chassell School, White City School, R&M manufacturing, Third River Lumber Co, Chassell Bank
Subjects: Chassell (Mich.); Hockey; Knights of Pythias; Logging; Rural Schools; Sawmills; School music; Schools;
Excerpt  T1S1  5:46 - 7:19  Chassell Hockey team, traveling to play their rivals in Pequaming
Subject terms: Hockey; Keweenaw Bay; Pequaming, MI; Chassell, MI

  ffsc-057
 Hansen, Mary ; Hendrickson, Tillie
 Born 1883, Michigan 1881, Michigan

Interviewed by:
Armstrong, Helen. 29 October 1976 in Calumet, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1880s-1920s
Places and Names: Norway, MI; Calumet, MI; Toivola, MI; Skanee, MI. Calumet Schools, Skanee Schools,
Subjects: Cheese making; Coffee breaks; Copper mining; Dress Codes; English as a Second Language; Family size; Farming; Finnish Americans; Finnish cooking; Food preservation; Home remedies; Rural Schools; Sauna; Skiing; Strikes--1910-1920; Swedish Americans; Swedish cooking; Teacher Training; Weaving;

  ffsc-058
 Harvey, Al
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 18 Jun 1973
Excerpt  T1S1  2:07 - 7:30  Father worked Tamarack Mine. Mining accidents. Working conditions. Ethnic makeup and community togetherness. Primary school and learning English.
Subject terms: Ethnic Groups; Finnish Americans; Housing; Education;
Excerpt  T1S1  7:31- 14:16  Italian Hall Disaster eye-witness account.
Subject terms: Italian Hall Disaster, Calumet, Mich., 1913; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914

  ffsc-059
 Haug, Anne
 Born abt 1885, Houghton, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Berry, Betty. 15 Aug 1973 in Houghton
Places and Names: Houghton, MI; White City, MI;. Freda Park
Subjects: Community life -- Houghton (Mich.);Family -- History; German Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Recipes -- German Americans; Recreation -- White City (Mich.); Religious life -- Houghton (Mich.); Winter -- Recreation -- Houghton (Mich.);

  ffsc-060
 Heideman, Rev. Paul and Eva (Kaukkonen)
 Born in Calumet
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art in Calumet, Mich. In Finnish
Inclusive dates: 1890s - 1940s
Places and Names: Calumet, MI; Finland. Mexican - Finnish Wedding, Calumet (Mich.)
Subjects: Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Ethnic groups -- Calumet (Mich.); First Apostolic Lutheran Church -- Calumet (Mich.); Laestadianism -- Finland; Laestadianism -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Lay preaching; Weddings -- Calumet (Mich.); Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Ethnic groups -- Calumet (Mich.); First Apostolic Lutheran Church -- Calumet (Mich.); Laestadianism -- Finland; Laestadianism -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Lay preaching; Weddings -- Calumet (Mich.);
Excerpt  T1S1  24:39 - 27:15  Description of Laestadian sermons and discrimination from Lutheran Finns
Subject terms: Sermons; Laestadians, Church Finns, Discrimination

  ffsc-061
 Heikkilä, Anna Lydia
 Born 1884, Jyvaskyla, Finland

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown). 23 Jul 1973 in Green Bay (Wis.). In Finnish
Inclusive dates: early 1900s
Places and Names: Copper Island; Ontonagon; Chicago; Green Bay, WI; Jyvaskyla, Finland;. Superior, Lake; Jyvaskyla, Finland
Subjects: Berries; Childhood; Education.; Families; Food; Health; Lullabies; Manners and customs; Nursery rhymes; Quality of life; Traditional medicine; Voting; Weaving;

  ffsc-062
 Heikkila, Walter
 

Interviewed by:
Peterson, Janet. November 11, 1974 in Interviewee's home in Chassell, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1920s-1940s
Places and Names: Chassell, MI; Nisula, MI;
Subjects: Chassell (Mich.);Funeral coaches; Funeral customs and rites; Funeral rites and ceremonies--America--History; Nisula (Mich.)
Excerpt  T1S1  4:14-5:10  Winter burials and pall bearers.
Subject terms: Funeral Traditions

  ffsc-063
 Heiman, Viljo
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, Ralph. 24 Jan 1981 in Lantana, FL

  ffsc-064
 Heinonen, Adrian
 

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael
Places and Names: Upper Sturgeon
Subjects: Deer hunting -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.) Hunting -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Hunting lodges -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.);Porcupines -- Anecdotes -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.);

  ffsc-065
 Heinonen, Adrian ; Kemppainen, Denia
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 19 Oct 1973 in Pelkie, Mich.
Places and Names: Pelkie, MI. Limestone Mountain Threshing Company -- Pelkie (Mich.); "tois kielinen"
Subjects: Business transactions -- Pelkie (Mich.); Chores; Community life -- Pelkie (Mich.); Deer hunting -- Pelkie (Mich.); Farming -- Pelkie (Mich.); Finnish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); First Apostolic Lutheran Church -- Pelkie (Mich.); Fishing -- Pelkie (Mich.); Great Depression; Harvest -- Pelkie (Mich.); Laestadianism -- Pelkie (Mich.); Loans -- Pelkie (Mich.); Logging -- Pelkie (Mich.); Lumber Camps -- Pelkie (Mich.); Lumber camps -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Peddlers -- Pelkie (Mich.); Punishment; Shopping -- Pelkie (Mich.);

  ffsc-067
 Hendrickson, Nick ; Palosaari, John
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 14 Jul 1972
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Hancock, MI; Ripley, MI; . Karelian Fever
Subjects: Athletic clubs -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Bars (Drinking establishments) -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Copper mines and mining -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Emigration and immigration; Ethnic groups -- Hancock (Mich.); Family -- History; Finnish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Great Depression; Labor unions -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Law enforcement -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Medical care; Radio; Religious education -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Transportation -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Winter -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.);
Excerpt  T1S2  :45 - 5:28  Finns moving to Russia in 1930s and sending aid during Winter War
Subject terms: Emigration, Russia, Communism, Winter War, Relief, Aid, Finnish Americans

  ffsc-068
 Hill, Gust E.
 Born 9 Oct 1887, Finland
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ranta, Elma. 9 Sep 1974 in Marquette, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1890s - 1920s
Places and Names: Marquette, MI; Waukegan, IL; Kipling, MI; Chatham, MI. National Lutheran Church -- Marquette (Mich.)
Subjects: Automobiles -- Marquette (Mich.); Cleveland Cliffs Iron Company; Family -- History; Finland -- History; Heating -- Finland; Heating -- Marquette (Mich.); Hospitals -- Marquette (Mich.); Lumber camps -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Medical care -- Marquette (Mich.); Upper Peninsula (Mich.) -- History; Wages -- Marquette (Mich.);
Excerpt  T1S2  20:15 - 24:15  Recollections of lumber camps and anecdotes
Subject terms: Lumber camps; Logging; Finnish Americans; French Americans; Fights

  ffsc-069
 Hill, Gust E.
 Born 9 Oct 1887, Finland
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ranta, Elma. 9 Nov 1974 in Marquette, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1908 - 1940s
Places and Names: Marquette, MI. Marquette County Fair; Cliff Dow
Subjects: Cleveland Cliffs Iron Company; Cooperative societies -- Marquette (Mich.); Cows -- Marquette (Mich.); Finnish Americans -- Marquette (Mich.); Fishing -- Marquette (Mich.); Heating -- Marquette (Mich.); Housing -- Marquette (Mich.); Industries -- Marquette (Mich.); Johnson, Frank; Marquette (Mich.) -- History; Upper Peninsula (Mich.) -- History;
Excerpt  T1S2_2  4:25 - 7:41  Cows allowed within Marquette city limits
Subject terms: Marquette (Mich.); Cows; Farming; Pounds

  ffsc-070
 Hill, Mrs. Jean
 Born 1909, Finland

Interviewed by:
Armstrong, Helen. November 16, 1976 in Interviewee's home in Chassell, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1910-1950s
Places and Names: Chassell, MI; Detroit, MI; Hancock, MI. Suomi Business College
Subjects: Baked goods; Bread baking; Crafts; Cupping; Finnish Americans, Family Size; Finnish Americans; Finnish Cooking; Food preservation; Gardening--Michigan--Upper Peninsula; Home remedies; Knitting; Looms; Midwifery -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Personal history; Rag rugs -- Michigan -- Upper Peninsula; Weaving;
Excerpt  Baking Bread
Subject terms: Baking; Bread

  ffsc-071
 Hiltunen, Vivian
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Hiltunen, Vivian. 15 Apr 1974
Subjects: Holidays; Chicken Pox; Sauna, Snowmobile Clubs; Housekeeping; Tupperware parties; Stinginess

  ffsc-072
 Hinks, Frank and Richard
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown)

  ffsc-073
 Hoffman, Emma
 Born 1898

Interviewed by:
Hoffman, David. December 26, 1945
Inclusive dates: 1899-1940s
Places and Names: Upper Peninsula, MI. Jefferson School
Subjects: Family Size;Personal history; Upper Peninsula (Mich.);

  ffsc-074
 Hogback, Laina
 Born abt 1920
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Armstrong, Helen. 7 Oct 1976 in Snake River, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1920s - 1970s
Places and Names: Chassell, MI. Finnish Food
Subjects: Cooking, Finnish -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Family -- History; Finnish Americans -- Chassell (Mich.); Nursing -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Traditional medicine; Weaving;
Excerpt  T1S1  23:16 - 25:37  Weaving
Subject terms: Weaving; Looms; Finnish Americans; Snake River, MI

  ffsc-075
 Hohl, Charles
 Born abt 1880
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 18 Jul 1972
Inclusive dates: 1898 - 1970s
Places and Names: Houghton, MI; Calumet, MI. Bigelow mines; Tamarack Mine;
Subjects: Community life -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Copper mines and mining -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.) Copper mines and mining -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Ethnic groups -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Geological surveys -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Michigan Technological University; Mining corporations -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Recreation -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Religious life -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Strikes and lockouts -- Copper mining; Transportation -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.);
Excerpt  T1S1  3:28 - 5:44  Visiting mines as a student at Michigan Tech in 1898
Subject terms: Michigan Technological University; Mining; Atlantic Mine; Underground

  ffsc-076
 Hokkanen, John Emil
 

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown). 1 Jul 1973 in Deer Lake, Minn. In Finnish
Subjects: Agriculture; Church; Emigration and immigration; Language & lifestyles; Leisure; Preaching; Traditional medicine; Transportation;
Excerpt  Finns living in Suomi-village (Suomi-kyla)
Subject terms:  Emigration and immigration; Leisure; Preaching; Transportation; Church; Agriculture; Language & lifestyles; Traditional medicine;

  ffsc-077
 Holmio, Armas
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 1 Jul 1972
Excerpt  T1S2  9:27-12:54  Finnish unity and nationalism in the United States and Finland The role of a “Common Danger.” Finnish Relief during WWII. Message to future listeners of the Oral History Collection concerning the Suomi College [Finlandia University] Archives.
Subject terms: Finnish Americans; Nationalism; World War II; Finnish Relief Fund; Suomi College
Excerpt  T1S1  0:00- 10:23  Interview introduction. Franciscan Monk tradition and merchant trade in Rauma, Finland (Holmio’s birthplace). Primary, Secondary and University Schooling. Religious movements in Western Finland and seminary.
Subject terms: Franciscans; Rauma (Finland); International trade; Education; Religions

  ffsc-078
 Holmlund, Walt
 Born in Atlantic Mine, Mich.

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. May 9, 1974 in Interviewee's home in Jacobsville, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1896-1940s
Places and Names: Atlantic Mine, MI; Jacobsville, MI. Suomi College, Jacobsville Church, Alfred Nichols, Osceola Township Schools
Subjects: Education; Finlandia University (formerly Suomi College);Gerontology; Jacobsville (Mich.); Keweenaw Peninsula (Mich.); Upper Peninsula [Mich.]; Personal History;
Excerpt  T2S1  27:03-28:16  The story of a man getting injured in a mine and travelling to Ypsilanti for teacher training.
Subject terms: Gerontology; Jacobsville, Mi; Keweenaw Peninsula, MI; Osceola Township Schools

  ffsc-079
 Huhtala, Helen
 Born 1910, Stannard, Mich.

Interviewed by:
D.E.B. May 12, 1976 in Interviewee's Home in Iron River, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1920s-1940s
Places and Names: Iron River, MI; Leningrad, Russia; Karelia; Finland
Excerpt  T1S1    

  ffsc-080
 Hyypio, Axel
 

Interviewed by:
(Oral History Student). July 18, 1973. In Finnish
Places and Names: Otter lake, MI; Kemijärvi; Muonio; Suomussalmi
Subjects: Agriculture;Culture Emigration and immigration; Family Fire; God;Religion;Traditional medicine; Winter

  ffsc-082
 Hyypio, Olga Marie (Peterson)
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Brown, Viola J. 13 Jul 1973
Places and Names: Peter Hyypio, Kate Niemi and her home remedies

 Itop of page

  ffsc-083
 Isola, Mrs. Anna
 Born 1901, Calumet, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Anderson, Wallace. 9 Jul 1973 in Isola's home in Calumet, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1920s
Places and Names: Elo, MI; Bear Lake, MI; Calumet, MI
Subjects: Business enterprises -- Calumet (Mich.); Community life -- Bear Lake (Mich.); Community life -- Calumet (Mich.);Family -- History; Finnish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Games -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); High schools -- Calumet (Mich.); Recreation -- Calumet (Mich.) Rural schools -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Teachers -- Calumet (Mich.); Traditional medicine -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.);
Excerpt  T1S1  29:20 - 31:11  Recreation in Calumet
Subject terms: Recreation; Calumet; Electric Park; Picnics; Tamarack Park

 Jtop of page

  ffsc-084
 Jaaskelainen, Heimo "Paddy"
 Born 24 Apr 1912, Mohawk, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Anderson, Wallace. 3 Aug 1972 in Bete Gris, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1930s
Places and Names: Mohawk, MI; Calumet, MI. Glacier Dome -- Mohawk (Mich.);
Subjects: Baseball -- Keweenaw Peninsula (Mich.); Boxers (Sports) -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Boxing -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Dempsey, Jack; Emigration and immigration; Finnish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Hockey -- Keweenaw Peninsula (Mich.); Sports -- Keweenaw Peninsula (Mich.);
Excerpt  T1S1  16:39 - 22:28  Jack Dempsey came to Calumet to referee a fight
Subject terms: Dempsey, Jack; Calumet; Boxing; Coliseum

  ffsc-085
 Jacka, Bertha
 Born in Calumet, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Berry, Betty in Jacka's home in Calumet, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1860s - 1900s
Places and Names: Calumet, MI; Red Jacket, MI; Yellow Jacket, MI; Blue Jacket, MI; Newtown, MI; Houghton, MI; Crestview; Eagle River, MI. Glass Block store; Vertins Department store; Ed Haas store, Electric Park, Calumet Theatre
Subjects: Business enterprises -- Calumet (Mich.); Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Calumet (Mich.) -- History; Community life -- Calumet (Mich.); Community life -- Calumet (Mich.); Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Education -- Calumet (Mich.); Epidemics -- Calumet (Mich.); Episcopal Church -- Calumet (Mich.); Ethnic groups -- Calumet (Mich.); Family -- History; Fire departments -- Calumet (Mich.); Fourth of July celebrations -- Calumet (Mich.); Games -- Calumet (Mich.); Italian Hall Disaster, Calumet, Mich., 1913; Medical care -- Calumet (Mich.); Newspapers -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Physicians -- Calumet (Mich.); Recreation -- Calumet (Mich.); Recreation -- Keweenaw Peninsula (Mich.); Schools -- Calumet (Mich.); Societies -- Calumet (Mich.); Teachers -- Calumet Region (Mich.) Winter -- Calumet (Mich.);
Excerpt  T1S2  22:18 - 24:10  Plowing roads in winter in the early 1900s
Subject terms: Winter; Calumet; Snow; Sleighs; Plowing

  ffsc-086
 Jackala, Katie
 Born 1884

Interviewed by:
Armstrong, Helen. November 7,1976
Inclusive dates: 1890s-1950s
Places and Names: Otter Lake, MI, Detroit, MI. Red Cross, Finnish Relief Society
Subjects: Baked goods; Crafts; Cupping; Detroit (Mich.); Finnish Americans; Finnish Cooking; Finnish Relief Society; Knitting; Midwifery; Red Cross; Sauna -- Michigan; Upper Peninsula (Mich.) Weaving;

  ffsc-087
 Jacobson, Aileen (Savola)
 Born in Marquette, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ranta, Elma. 16 Feb 1975 in Marquette, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Marquette, MI. St. Luke's Hospital, Marquette County Fair; melting lead to tell fortune; Tuberculosis Sanitarium -- Marquette (Mich.)
Subjects: Community life -- Marquette (Mich.); Ethnic groups -- Marquette (Mich.); Family -- History; Finnish Americans -- Marquette (Mich.) Nursing -- Marquette (Mich.); Nursing education -- Marquette (Mich.); Recreation -- Marquette (Mich.); Schools -- Marquette (Mich.); Transportation -- Marquette (Mich.); Tuberculosis -- Marquette (Mich.);
Excerpt  T1S1  2:29 - 6:55  Nursing education at St. Luke's in Marquette
Subject terms: Nursing; Nursing training; Marquette; St. Luke's Hospital

  ffsc-088
 Janis, Dr. A. J.
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, Paul. 20 Jul 1972
Inclusive dates: 1930s - 1970s
Places and Names: Houghton County, MI; Atlantic Mine, MI; Nisula, MI; . Mrs. Hogback
Subjects: Community life -- Houghton County (Mich.); Ethnic groups -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Finnish Americans -- Houghton County (Mich.); Finnish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Great Depression Medical care -- Houghton County (Mich.); Mining corporations -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Physicians -- Houghton County (Mich.);
Excerpt  T1S1  9:12 - 12:27  Delivering babies
Subject terms: Houghton County; Doctors; House Calls; Obstetrics; Childbirth

  ffsc-089
 Jarvin, Elma (Mrs. George A.)
 Born 1920, 10th Ave. E, Hibbing MN

Interviewed by:
Ollila, Douglas. 8 Aug 1973

  ffsc-090
 Johnson, Laina (Malila)
 

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Heino "Hap". 12 Aug 1973 in Johnson's home in Mass, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Mass, MI; Wainola, MI. St. Paul's Lutheran Church
Subjects: Communism -- Mass (Mich.); Community life -- Mass (Mich.); Family -- History; Finnish Americans -- Mass (Mich.); Medical care -- Mass (Mich.); Recreation -- Mass (Mich.); Religious life -- Mass (Mich.) Schools -- Wainola (Mich.); Societies -- Mass (Mich.); Suomi College; Traditional medicine -- Mass (Mich.);
Excerpt  T1S1  24:33 - 27:20  Traditional medicine & cupping
Subject terms: Traditional medicine; cupping; Finnish Americans; Home remedies; Mass, MI

  ffsc-091
 Johnson, Lempi
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 2 Oct 1974
Inclusive dates: 1905 - 1970s
Places and Names: Pelkie, MI. Women's Guild -- Pelkie (Mich.); Groop, Edward; Hanninen, Vilho; Junttila, John; Juntunen, Aarne; Korhonen, Arvo; Koski, Frans; Pikkusaari, Lauri; Samanen, David; Tervo, Emil;
Subjects: Church societies -- Pelkie (Mich.) Religious life -- Pelkie (Mich.); Clergy -- Pelkie (Mich.);

  ffsc-092
 Johnson, Walter
 Born 1910
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 11 Aug 1972 in Hancock, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Hancock, MI; Ripley, MI; Quincy Hill; Franklin Township, MI; Herman, MI. Johnson Brothers
Subjects: Business enterprises -- Hancock (Mich.) Communism -- Hancock (Mich.); Ethnic groups -- Hancock (Mich.); Family -- History; Finnish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Ford Motor Company; Great Depression; Logging -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Lumber camps -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Medical care -- Hancock (Mich.); Quincy Mining Company; School boards -- Keweenaw Peninsula (Mich.); Schools -- Hancock (Mich.); Schools -- Keweenaw Peninsula (Mich.); Upper Peninsula Power Company; World War, 1939-1945;
Excerpt  T1S1  10:38 - 12:27  Rivalry between Ripley and Quincy Hill
Subject terms: Fights; Ripley, MI; Hancock, MI; Quincy;

  ffsc-093
 Jutila, Aina Aliida
 

Interviewed by:
Lydia W. Eliason. In Finnish

 Ktop of page

  ffsc-094
 Kallungi, Herman
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Mathieu, Harold L. 18 Jul 1973
Places and Names: Butte, Montana, Calumet, Tapiola, Chassell, Worcester Lumber Camps, Swede Pete, Askel, Italian Hall, Black Lung
Subjects: Emigration; Railroads; Log Transportation; Silicosis; baseball; Diseases

  ffsc-095
 Kangas, Anna
 

Interviewed by:
Kessler, Catherine. 31 Aug 1973
Places and Names: Martha-Mary Society, Portage Canal in winter, White City
Subjects: Finland; Emigration; Diseases; Home Remedies; Midwifery

  ffsc-096
 Kangas, Anna (Larson)
 Born abt 1893, Finland
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Kessler, Catherine. 11 Aug 1973
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Hancock, MI; White City, MI; Houghton, MI. Gloria Dei -- Hancock, MI
Subjects: Community life -- Hancock (Mich.); Emigration and immigration; Finnish Americans -- Hancock (Mich.); Holidays -- Hancock (Mich.); Italian Hall Disaster, Calumet, Mich., 1913; Medical care -- Hancock (Mich.); Recreation -- Hancock (Mich.); Religious life -- Hancock (Mich.); Schools -- Finland; Suomi College; Traditional medicine;
Excerpt  T1S2  18:19 - 20:01  Bone healers and cupping
Subject terms: Traditional medicine; cupping; Finnish Americans; Home remedies; Upper Peninsula

  ffsc-097
 Kangas, Bertha ; Gray, Denise ; Funk, Mrs.
 Mrs. Gray Born 1897, Watton, Mich.

Interviewed by:
Godell, Swande. 12 Aug 1976
Inclusive dates: 1900s-1930s
Places and Names: Watton, MI; Chassell, MI; . Watton School; Chassell School
Subjects: Chassell (Mich.); Rural education; Watton (Mich.); Negaunee (Mich.);

  ffsc-098
 Kangas, Everett and Rachel
 

Interviewed by:
D.E.B. March 28, 1978
Inclusive dates: 1920s-1930s
Subjects: Iron County (Mich.) -- History; Communist Party of America; Congress of Industrial Organizations; Industrial Workers of the World; Labor unions; Mine, Mill, and Smelter Workers Union;
Excerpt  T1S1  0:10-0:57  How Rachel became politically active with labor unions
Subject terms: Labor movements; Unions; Finnish Americans; IWW

  ffsc-099
 Kangas, Matt
 Born in Jacobsville, Mich.

Interviewed by:
(Interviewee's Grandson). June 27, 1978 in Interviewee's home in Chassell, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s-1940s
Places and Names: Jacobsville, MI; Hancock, MI, Boston Location, MI. Suomi College, Isle Royale Mine, Finnish Lutheran Book Concern
Subjects: Boston Location (Mich.); Cobalt (Ont.); Emigration and immigration; Food--Drying. Food preservation; Hancock (Mich.); Home remedies; Houghton (Mich.); Isle Royale Mine (Mich.); Jacobsville (Mich.); Mining accidents; Personal History; Rural education; Suomi Synod;

  ffsc-101
 Karinen, Hilda (Taurianen)
 Born 1893

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown)
Places and Names: Otter Lake, MI; Pelkie, MI; Chassell, MI; Houghton, MI; Alaska; Tapiola, MI. Askel School, Sturgeon River, Otter Lake; Tapiola
Subjects: Chassell (Mich.); Finnish Americans; Finnish language; Gardening--Michigan--Upper Peninsula; Pelkie (Mich.); Sauna; Tapiola (Mich.); Yogurt;

  ffsc-103
 Karjala, Elmina
 Born 1893

Interviewed by:
Armstrong, Helen. November 6, 1976 in Interviewee's Home in Tamarack Mills, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s-1940s
Subjects: Bread baking; Cheese making; Coffee breaks; Ethnic relations; Finnish Americans Food preservation; Gardening--Michigan--Upper Peninsula; Knitting; Rural education; Sauna; Tatting; Weaving; Wool dyeing;
Excerpt  T1S1  42:24-43:20  Learning to grow and eat American vegetables
Subject terms: Homesteading; Finnish Americans; Gardening

  ffsc-102
 Karjala, Mrs. Isaac
 Born abt 1893, Hubbell, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Bleise, Arbutus. 19 Nov 1973
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Hubbell, MI; Dover-Oneco Location; Tamarack Mills, Dollar Bay, Torch Lake, MI. Dover School
Subjects: Business enterprises -- Hubbell (Mich.); Community life -- Hubbell (Mich.); Community life -- Keweenaw Peninsula (Mich.); Epidemics -- Keweenaw Peninsula (Mich.); Farming -- Hubbell (Mich.); Hobbies & crafts -- Women; Housing -- Keweenaw Peninsula (Mich.) Medical care -- Hubbell (Mich.); Recreation -- Hubbell (Mich.); Religious life -- Hubbell (Mich.); Rural schools -- Hubbell (Mich.); Schools -- Dollar Bay (Mich.); Shipping -- Great Lakes (North America); Transportation -- Hubbell (Mich.);
Excerpt  T1S1  25:38 - 27:29  1906 epidemic in Hubbell, MI
Subject terms: Epidemics; Diptheria; Scarlet Fever; Hubbell, MI;

  ffsc-104
 Karkanen, Julia
 Born abt 1920
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Armstrong, Helen. 11 Oct 1976 in Karkanen's home in Snake River, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Subjects: Cooking, Finnish -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Family -- History; Finnish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Hobbies & crafts -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Holidays, Finnish -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.);
Excerpt  T1S1  26:35 - 29:36  Blood pancakes
Subject terms: Finnish food; Cooking; Finnish Americans; blood sausage

  ffsc-105
 Karni, Ina (Niemi)
 Born in South Dakota
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ollila, Douglas. 20 Jul 1973 in Cook, Minn.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1930s
Places and Names: Cokato, MN; Bendon, ND; South Dakota; North Dakota; Cook, MN. St. Louis County School system, Laapala
Subjects: Alcohol -- Cook (Minn.); Community life -- Belden (N.D.) Community life -- Cook (Minn.); Diseases; Ethnic groups -- North Dakota; Family -- History; Farming -- Cook (Minn.); Finnish Americans; Great Depression; Laestadianism -- Minnesota; Laestadianism -- North Dakota; Nursing -- Cook (Minn.); Political participation -- Cook (Minn.); Silicosis -- Minnesota; Socialism -- North Dakota; Traditional medicine;
Excerpt  T1S2  23:50 - 28:03  Relationship between Socialists & Laestadians in ND
Subject terms: Socialism; Laestadianism; Finnish Americans; Belden, North Dakota

  ffsc-107
 Keifer, Charles
 Born 21 Apr 1878, Lake Linden, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, Paul. 9 Aug 1972
Inclusive dates: 1880s - 1970s
Places and Names: Lake Linden, MI; Calumet, MI. Grand Theatre -- Lake Linden (Mich.); Gregorie; Bosch, Joseph;
Subjects: Alcohol -- Lake Linden (Mich.); Anecdotes -- Lake Linden (Mich.); Bars (Drinking establishments) -- Lake Linden (Mich.); Brothels -- Lake Linden (Mich.); Brothels -- Lake Linden (Mich.); Business enterprises -- Lake Linden (Mich.); Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Community life -- Lake Linden (Mich.); Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Copper mines and mining -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Courtship -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Courtship -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Family -- History Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Family -- History; Farming -- Lake Linden (Mich.); Fires -- Lake Linden (Mich.); Fourth of July celebrations -- Lake Linden (Mich.); Great Depression; Marriage -- Lake Linden (Mich.); Pioneers -- Lake Linden (Mich.); Prohibition; Real property -- Lake Linden (Mich.); Recreation -- Lake Linden (Mich.); Theaters -- Lake Linden (Mich.); Traditional medicine;
Excerpt  T1S1  22:59 - 25:14  1886 fire in Lake Linden
Subject terms: Fire; Lake Linden, MI;

  ffsc-108
 Kelly, Michael
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, Paul. 1 Aug 1972
Subjects: Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914 boarding houses; church; Depression; Dodgeville; Family -- History; home remedies; Isle Royal Mine; mining conditions Prohibition; Saloons; Temperance Halls; unions;

  ffsc-109
 Kemppainen, Hugo ; McClung, Sam
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 8 Dec 1975

  ffsc-110
 Kero, Walerus
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 4 Dec 1975
Subjects: First Apostolic Lutheran Church

  ffsc-111
 Keto, John
 Born 1880, Vaasa, Finland

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown). July 19, 1973
Inclusive dates: 1900s-
Subjects: Calumet (Mich.); Copper mining; Finnish Americans; Painesdale (Mich.); Strikes--1910-1920; Suomi Synod; Temperance--United States--Societies, etc.--History; Trimountain (Mich.);

  ffsc-112
 Kezele, Joseph ; Foremen , Willard
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Anderson, Wallace. 1 Aug 1974
Excerpt  T1S1  0:00 - 5:11  History of Clark Mine. WPA bar fights. Mining Company control.
Subject terms: Copper mines and Mining; United States. Work Projects Administration; Mining corporations
Excerpt  T1S2  0:04 - 3:12  Slaughtering of pigs, cows, and codfish.
Subject terms: Livestock; Food animals; Codfish

  ffsc-113
 King, Ida
 

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, Ralph

  ffsc-114
 King, Jane
 Born in Excelsior Location, Ishpeming, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
King, Keith. 28 Jun 1973
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Ishpeming, MI; Marquette, MI
Subjects: Automobiles; Fires -- Ishpeming (Mich.); Mine accidents -- Ishpeming (Mich.); Mines and mining -- Ishpeming (Mich.); Picnics -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Roads -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Schools -- Ishpeming (Mich.); Transportation -- Ishpeming (Mich.);

  ffsc-115
 Kivisaari, Amanda
 Born in Lapua, Finland

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown). 10 Aug 1973. In Finnish
Inclusive dates: 1800-
Places and Names: Lapua; Alder, Minnesota; . John Kivisaari; John Wargelin; Pastor Lepisto
Subjects: Alcohol; Childhood; Education; Emigration and immigration; Language & lifestyles; Leisure; Medical care; Religion; Societies;

  ffsc-116
 Klemetti, Mrs. Hugo
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ranta, Eero. 22 Jul 1973
Places and Names: Electric Park, North Star Hall
Subjects: Family -- History;

  ffsc-117
 Koepel, Louis
 Born 18 Mar 1909, Beacon Hill, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 31 Jul 1972 in Quincy Smelter office, Hancock, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1950s
Places and Names: Freda, MI; Beacon Hill, MI; Painesdale, MI; Hubble, MI. Champion Mill -- Freda; White Pine;
Subjects: Automobiles; Copper mines and mining -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Great Depression; Medical care -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Mines and mining -- Montana; Political participation -- Hubbell (Mich.); Recreation -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Religious life -- Beacon Hill (Mich.); Religious life -- Hubbell (Mich.); Schools -- Beacon Hill (Mich.); Schools -- Painesdale (Mich.); Societies -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Tourism -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Winter -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.);
Excerpt  T1S1  5:06 - 7:47  Taking the train to Jeffers High School in Painesdale
Subject terms: Schools -- Painesdale; Copper Range Railroad; Freda; Beacon Hill; Red Ridge

  ffsc-118
 Koivisto, Edith Armida (Laine)
 Born 1881, Finland
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ollila, Douglas. 3 Aug 1973 in Hibbing, Minn.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1930s
Places and Names: Hibbing, MN; Duluth, MN. Työväen Opisto
Subjects: Artists, Finnish-American; Cooperative societies -- Hibbing (MN); Family -- History; Finnish Americans -- Minnesota; Industrial Workers of the World -- Minnesota; Koivisto, Arvid, 1886-1964; Koivisto, Edith, 1881-1981; Laukki, Leo; Societies -- Hibbing (Minn.); Work People's College (Duluth, Minn.);

  ffsc-119
 Koopikka, Eva Juliana (Koski)
 Born in Kearsarge, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Armstrong, Helen. 11 Oct 1976 in Koopikka family home in Kearsarge, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Kearsarge, Mich. Kaleva Hall
Subjects: Christmas; Cooking, Finnish -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Crocheting; Hobbies & Crafts; Knitting; Rag rugs -- Michigan -- Upper Peninsula; Rugs -- Finland; Ryiju; Weaving;
Excerpt  T1S1  12:12 - 14:40  Joulupukki and Christmas in Kearsarge and the Kaleva Hall
Subject terms: Christmas; Finnish Americans
Excerpt  T1S1  31:29 - 33:19  Weaving and Ryiju making
Subject terms: Weaving; Rugs

  ffsc-120
 Koski, Aily (Elo)
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ollila, Douglas. 8 Aug 1973 in Duluth, MN
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Virginia, MN; Duluth, MN; Wolf, MN; Cherry, MN; St. Louis County, MN. Alpena Mine, Wirehouse Lumber Co.; Salmi, W.W
Subjects: Community Life -- St. Louis County (Minn.); Community Life -- Virginia (Minn.); Family -- History; Iron Ranges -- Minnesota Marxism -- Minnesota; Rural Schools -- St. Louis County (Minn.); Schools; Socialism -- Finnish Americans; Socialism -- Minnesota; St. Louis County (Minn.); Steel Strike, Minnesota, 1916; Teaching; Työmies Society (U.S.);
Excerpt  T1S2  1:43 - 5:24  Structure of St. Louis County (MN) school system
Subject terms: St. Louis County (Minn.); Schools; Rural Schools -- St. Louis County (Minn.)

  ffsc-121
 Koski, Ernie
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 26 June 1973 in Työmies Eteenpäin Publishing Co.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Ironton, MN; Hibbing, MN; Orr, MN, Muskegon, MI; ; Ontonagon, MI; Astoria, OR; Ironwood, MI; Moscow, Soviet Union. Cloquet Lumber Co.; Continental Motor Works; Oliver Mining Co.; Työmies Eteenpäin
Subjects: Blacksmiths, Finnish American; Community Life -- Orr (Minn.); Cooperative Societies; Distilling, Illicit -- Minnesota; Education; Family -- History; Lumber Camps -- Minnesota; Socialism; Soviet Union; Työmies Publishing Company; Työmies Society (U.S.); Working Conditions; World Peace Congress, 1965 World War, 1939-1945 -- Finland;
Excerpt  T1S1  25:12 - 28:50  Conditions in Lumber Camps
Subject terms: Lumber Camps -- Orr, MN
Excerpt  T1S2  00:00 - 5:24  World Peace Congress, Helsinki 1965
Subject terms: World Peace Congress; Soviet Union; Socialism

  ffsc-122
 Koski, Saima (Juntunen)
 Born 1895, Oskar, Mich.

Interviewed by:
Armstrong, Helen. October 15, 1976 in Interviewee's home in Hancock, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s-1930s
Places and Names: Oskar, MI. Contains: 3 recipes from Saima Koski: Nisua, Pannukakku, Hot milk cake
Subjects: Coffee breaks; Finnish Americans; Finnish cooking; Food Preservation; Gardening--Michigan--Upper Peninsula; Home remedies; logging; Recipes; Oskar (Mich.); Weaving;
Excerpt  T1S1  2:44-3:48  Farm life for a young girl
Subject terms: Finnish Americans; Farming; Upper Peninsula

  ffsc-123
 Koski, Richard
 

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Heino "Hap". 19 July 1972 in Koski's Home, Ontonagon County
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Ontonagon, MI. Adventure Mine
Subjects: Automobiles -- Model T Ford; Boardinghouses; Emigration and Immigration; Ethnic groups -- Michigan; Farming -- Michigan; Labor Unions; Lumber Camps -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.);

  ffsc-124
 Kugler, Mrs. Paulina ; Eisermann, Mathilda
Nykanen, Minnie ; Wubbena, Ms. Lenora ; Popke, Mrs. Helene

 

Interviewed by:
Kurtti, Jim
Places and Names: Bruce Crossing, Mich.

  ffsc-125
 Kuitanen, Cecilia
 Born 1895, St. Petersburg, Russia
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Niemi, Adrian. 16 Nov 1974 in Ely Bloomenson Nursing Home, Ely, Minn.
Inclusive dates: 1890s - 1970s
Places and Names: Ely, MN; Whitton, MN; Minot, ND. Pioneer Mine
Subjects: Boardinghouses; Clock and Watch Making; Communities -- Finnish American; Community Life -- Minnesota; Cooperative Societies Emigration and Immigration; Lumber; Mining -- Ely (Minn.); Sauna -- Minnesota;
Excerpt  T1S1  7:33 - 8:56  Climbing out of a mine
Subject terms: Mining -- Ely, MN; Work Environment

  ffsc-126
 Kuntz, Mrs. ; Courchaine, Joe ; Latendresse, Mrs.
 Born 9 Sept. 1891, Portage Twp, Mich.

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown). 1975 in Chassell, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1890s - 1940s
Places and Names: Chassell, MI. Worcester Lumber Company
Subjects: Acetylene lamps; Chassell (Mich.); Community life; Dairy farming; Farm equipment; Farming; Farming; Franco-Americans; Medical care Physicians; Priests; Rural schools; Teachers; Threshing;

   ffsc-127
  Kuopus, Wilbert
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Anderson, Wallace . 17 Jul 1972 in Kuopus' home in Mohawk, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1960s
Places and Names: Calumet, MI; Mohawk, MI; Bete Gris, MI; Keweenaw County, MI . A.L. Heideman
Subjects: Assault and Battery; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Education; Home Remedies; Quarries and quarrying; Rural Schools -- Keweenaw County (Mich.); Rural Schools -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Trapping;
Excerpt  T1S2  24:26 - 25:22  Dealing with a 'scab' during the 1913 strike
Subject terms: Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Assault and Battery -- Michigan

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  ffsc-128
 Lahti, Leonard
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 29 Oct 1973
Inclusive dates: 1930s - 1970s
Places and Names: Amasa, MI. Duluth Furs & Hides; Schubert Fur Co.; Mass & Stephen; "The Waltons"; Conservation Dept., Baraga, MI
Subjects: Beaver Trapping; Community Life -- Michigan; Coyote Trapping; Fishing; Fox Trapping; Fur Trade; Fur; Hides and Skins; Poaching Small Game Hunting; Teaching -- Michigan -- Keweenaw County; Television; Trapping -- Equipment and Supplies; Trapping -- Michigan; Winchester Firearms;
Excerpt  T1S1  15:59 - 19:13  Bargaining for fur prices
Subject terms: Fur Traders -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Bargaining; Beavers

  ffsc-129
 Lahti, Leonard and Esther
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 3 Aug 1973 in The Lahti home in Herman, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1930s
Places and Names: Iron River. Lännen Suometar; Työmies; Industrialisti; Osuus Toiminta Lehti; Valvoja
Subjects: Cooperative societies; Ethnic Conflict; Ethnic Groups; Ethnic Press -- United States Farming; Logging; Logging -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Logging camps; Lumber camps;
Excerpt  T1S1  15:55 - 18:21  Development of a small family farm
Subject terms: Farming -- Michigan; Agriculture

  ffsc-130
 Lantto, Paul
 Born 19 Apr 1888, Pudasjärvi, Finland
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, Paul. 18 July 1973
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1950s
Places and Names: Gay, MI; Ontonagon, MI
Subjects: Century of Progress International Exposition (1933-1934 : Chicago, Ill.) Church; Communism; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Dance parties; Emigration and immigration; Great Depression; Paper mills -- Ontonagon (Mich.); Suomi College; Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Wages; World War, 1914-1918;
Excerpt  T1S1  17:57 - 18:51  Disillusionment with Woodrow Wilson over his campaign slogan, "Vote for Wilson, Vote for Peace"
Subject terms: Woodrow Wilson; World War One; Politics

  ffsc-131
 Larsen, Evert
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Luokinen, Michael. 29 July 1973 in Driving in Larsen's truck in Pelkie, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1910s - 1970s
Places and Names: Pelkie, MI; Chassell, MI. Houghton Lumber Company
Subjects: Bars (Drinking establishments); Communism -- Michigan -- Pelkie; Community Life; Corduroy roads Dance Halls; Dances; Ethnic Groups; Gambling; Log Transportation; Logging; Logging -- Michigan; Lumber Camps; Meat -- Preservation; Medicine; Poaching; Sawmills -- Michigan; Timber; Tonics (Medicinal preparations);
Excerpt  T1S1  17:10 - 18:40  Log transportation and company identification
Subject terms: Logging; Lumber; Log Transportation; Logging Companies; Chassell, MI

  ffsc-132
 Larson, Amanda (Wiltinen)
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ranta, Elma. 15 Oct 1974
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Negaunee, Lawson, Marquette, MI; Alger County, MI; Marquette, MI. Northern Michigan University; Cleveland Cliffs Iron Co.
Subjects: Education; Family -- History; Northern Michigan University; Rural Schools -- Michigan -- Alger County; Teaching; Voting
Excerpt  T1S1  21:42 - 22:37  Changes in school's Board of Education
Subject terms: Rural schools

  ffsc-133
 Larson, Hilder and Evelyn
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Elaine. 26 Nov 1973 in Pelkie, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1930s
Places and Names: Calumet, MI; Laurium, MI; Pelkie, MI; Baraga, MI
Subjects: Berries; Community Life; Confirmation -- Study and teaching; Corduroy Roads; Ethnic Groups; Ethnic Press; Finnish Americans; Floods; Forest Fires; Forest Fires; French-Canadians -- United States; High School; Music; Picnics -- Michigan; Porcupines; Rural Schools; Swedish Americans;
Excerpt  T1S1  17:34 - 19:19  A fire in Pelkie
Subject terms: Fires; Pelkie, MI
Excerpt  T1S2  27:54 - 29:00  How Pelkie, MI got its name
Subject terms: Pelkie, MI

  ffsc-134
 Lehtinen, Kaarle H.
 Born 27 Feb 1892 Kaukola
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Niemi, Les. 15 Dec 1983 in Newport, N.H. In Finnish
Inclusive dates: 1892-
Places and Names: New Port, NH
Subjects: Aging; Business; Education; Emigration and immigration; Endowments Labor; Leisure; Mining; Religion;

  ffsc-135
 Lehto, Don ; Heikkinen, Earnest
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Luokinen, Michael. 3 Aug 1973
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Pelkie, MI. Worcester Lumber Company; Henry Jasper; Alston Mill
Subjects: Bears; Beggars; Blueberries; Chores; Community Life; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Copper mines and mining -- Accidents; Dairy Farming; Ethnic Groups; Farm equipment; Farm life -- Pelkie (Mich.); Farming -- Pelkie (Mich.); Farming -- Pelkie (Mich.); Forest Fires; Gristmills; Haying equipment; Hunting; Log Transportation; Logging -- Michigan; Lumber; Partridges; Peddlers; Pelkie (Mich.); Pelkie Cooperative Society (Pelkie, Mich.); Picnics; Pumping machinery; Rural families -- Pelkie (Mich.); Rural Schools; Sauna; Sawmills -- Michigan; Stags (Deer); Storytelling; Timber; Trade Schools -- Finland; Wolves;

  ffsc-136
 Lehto, Waino "Pops"
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 14 July 1972 in Hancock, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1910s - 1960s
Places and Names: Hancock, MI. Suomi College; Nikander; Sampo Society
Subjects: Degrees, Academic; Finnish Americans -- Hancock (Mich.); Military Music; Nikander, J. K. (Juho Kustaa), 1855-1919; Religion; Sampo Society; Summer Schools Suomi College; Teaching; World War, 1914-1918;
Excerpt  T3S2  18:29 - 20:58  Close call with a bear
Subject terms: Bears, Rural Life
Excerpt  T2S2  14:11 - 16:02  Conflict among ethnic groups
Subject terms: Ethnic Groups; Copper mines and mining; Finnish Americans
Excerpt  Military bands and orchestras during World War I
Subject terms: Symphony orchestras; Performing arts; Flute; Military bands

  ffsc-137
 Leiviska, Helen (Kruuth)
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 26 June 1973
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: New York, NY; Plummer, MN; Karelia; Soviet Union. Finnish Socialist Federation; Ku Klux Klan; Työmies Eteenpäin; Franklin D. Roosevelt
Subjects: Communism; Cooperation -- Societies, etc.; Cooperative Housing Foundation (U.S.); Cooperative Societies; Dances; Emigration and Immigration Franklin D. Roosevelt and the era of the New Deal; Karelia (Russia); Ku Klux Klan; Socialism; Temperance -- Societies, etc.; Työmies Publishing Company; Women Communists; Women socialists;
Excerpt  T1S2  6:58 - 8:44  Conditions in Karelia
Subject terms: Karelia (Russia); Living conditions; Emigration and Immigration

  ffsc-138
 Lent, Harold ; McDonald, Mrs.
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, Paul. 26 July 1972 in Hancock, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1850s - 1960s
Places and Names: Cornwall, England; Wausau, WI; Hancock, MI. Quincy Mining Co.
Subjects: Alcohol Burglary -- Hancock (Mich.); Cable cars (Streetcars); Copper Miners' Strike, Mich. 1913-1914; Copper Mines and Mining -- Hancock (Mich.); Education;Ethnic Groups; Family -- History; Family; Great Depression; Home Remedies; Lead Mines and Mining; School Discipline; Taxation; Teaching -- Hancock (Mich.); Teaching; Theater -- Calumet (Mich.);
Excerpt  T2S1  9:02 - 11:33  A bomb scare and break in at Hancock High School
Subject terms: Hancock High School; Burglary

  ffsc-139
 Lepisto, Mrs. Sigrid
 Born 17 Dec 1897
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Niemi, Adrian. 4 Dec 1974 in Interviewee's home in Duluth, MN
Inclusive dates: 1890s - 1960s
Places and Names: Newberry, MI; Duluth, MN
Subjects: Choirs (Music); Church; Clergy; Community Life; Ethnic Groups; Family -- History Finnish Americans -- Newberry (Mich.); Finnish Americans; Proverbs; Teaching;
Excerpt  T1S2  4:27 - 5:56  Finnish sayings (in Finnish)
Subject terms: Finnish sayings; Finnish Americans

  ffsc-140
 Litsenberger, John
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Padberg, Louise ; Roberts, Raymond. 12 Aug 1974
Places and Names: Copper Falls, Eagle Harbor, White City, Isle Royal, Eagle River
Subjects: Blueberries;

  ffsc-141
 Loukinen, Martin E.
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 20 Dec 1973
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1930s
Places and Names: Princess Point, MI. Stern-Culver Lumber Co.; Quincy Mine
Subjects: Community Life -- Princess Point (Mich.); Copper mines and mining -- Hancock (Mich.); Discipline of Children Ethnic Groups; Family -- History; Farming -- Princess Point (Mich.); Fishing; Home Remedies; Hunting; Influenza Epidemic, 1918-1919; Logging -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Lumber Camps; Midwifery -- Princess Point (Mich.); Midwifery; Physicians; Princess Point (Mich.); Proverbs; Reindeer herding; Traditional Medicine;
Excerpt  T1S2  6:20 - 7:17/8:13 - 9:45  Home remedies
Subject terms: Home remedies; traditional medicine; Finnish Americans

  ffsc-142
 Lukkarila, Nick
 Born 12 Nov 1898
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Stadius, Marybeth. 13 July 1973 in Interviewee's home in Mass, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Mass, MI
Subjects: Anecdotes Arson; Bars (Drinking establishments) -- Mass (Mich.); Command and control at fires; Communities; Community Life -- Mass (Mich.); Fires; Mass (Mich.); Storytelling;
Excerpt  T1S2  18:32 - 20:39  Description of Saloons in Mass, MI
Subject terms: Saloons; Fights; Alcohol; Finnish Americans; Ethnic Groups; Mass, MI

  ffsc-143
 Lukkarila, Nick
 

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown)
Places and Names: Rockland Masonic Lodge
Subjects: Communism -- Mass (Mich.); Community Life -- Mass (Mich.); Cupping; Distilling, Illicit; Ethnic Conflict; Ethnic Groups; Family -- History; Freemasonry; Home remedies; Lutherans, Finnish ; Picnics; Poaching; Sports -- Mass (Mich.); Sports; Traditional Medicine;

  ffsc-144
 Luokkanen, Henry
 Born 1897, Taivalkoski (?), Finland
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Anderson, Wallace. 6 Aug 1973 in Interviewee's home between Eagle River and Eagle Harbor, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Mohawk, MI; Fulton, MI; Ahmeek, MI. Ahmeek Mine
Subjects: Ahmeek (Mich.); Bars (Drinking establishments); Cemeteries; Copper Mines and Mining -- Ahmeek (Mich.); Copper Miners' Strike, Mich, 1913-1914; Copper mines and mining -- Accidents; Cost and standard of living; Cupping; Emigration and Immigration; Ethnic Groups; Gunfights Shoemakers; Strikebreakers; Traditional Medicine;
Excerpt  T1S2  17:30 - 20:34  Jobs for different ethnic groups in the mining industry
Subject terms: Cooper Mines and Mining; Ethnic Groups; Mining Companies; Upper Peninsula (Mich.)
Excerpt  T1S2  28:04 - 29:56  Removing a huge piece of pure Copper from Ahmeek mine
Subject terms: Copper Mines and Mining; Ahmeek No.2 shaft; Fissure veins
Excerpt  T2S1  31:05 - 32:19 / 0:00 - 8:42  Did not attend the Italian Hall Christmas Party during the disaster. 1913 Copper Strike. National Guard, militia, and Waddell men. Violence directed at strikebreakers. Home remedies. Cupping.
Subject terms: Italian Hall Disaster, Calumet, Mich., 1913; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Militia; Traditional medicine; Cupping; Strikebreakers; Strikes and lockouts

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  ffsc-145
 MacDonald, James
 Born 1897, Ramble Town
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, Paul. 24 July 1972
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1960s
Places and Names: Calumet, MI. Calumet & Hecla Mining Company, Mineral Range Railroad
Subjects: Cable cars (Streetcars) -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Calumet (Mich.); Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Carnivals -- Calumet (Mich.) Copper Miners' Strike, Mich, 1913-1914; Distilling, Illicit; Ethnic Groups; Finnish Americans; Italian Hall Disaster, Calumet, Mich., 1913; Mineral Range Railroad Company; Politics; Prohibition;
Excerpt  T2S1  22:42 - 25:06  Prohibition in Calumet, MI
Subject terms: Prohibition; Calumet, MI; Moonshine; Law Enforcement

  ffsc-146
 Maclean, Blanche
 

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 25 July 1973 in Hancock, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1910s - 1970s
Places and Names: D & N Building and Loans Association; Scott Hotel
Subjects: Advertising; Directors; Liberty bonds; Savings and loan associations; Savings bonds; Secretaries; Stock Market Crash, 1929; Thrift institutions; World War, 1939-1945;

  ffsc-148
 Maki, Anselm "Anssu"
 Born 12 Jan 1887, Finland
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Heino "Hap". 23 July 1972 in Green, Mich. In Finnish
Places and Names: Ontonagon, MI; South Range, MI . Dry Mountain Mines; White Wine Mines;
Subjects: Copper Mines and Mining; Dances; Iron mines and mining;Timber--Rafting;

  ffsc-149
 Maki, George,Taimi and Joe
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael and Elaine
Places and Names: Faith Lutheran Church

  ffsc-150
 Maki, Hilma ; Laine, Anne
 Born in Soudan, Minn.

Interviewed by:
Niemi, Adrian. December 26, 1975 in Hilma Maki's home in Virginia, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s-1920s
Places and Names: Soudan, MN. Soudan, MN
Subjects: Cupping; Ethnic relations; Finnish Americans; Mining; Rural Education, Finnish Language Soudan (Minn.); Trolls--Finland--Folklore;
Excerpt  Sauna
Subject terms: Sauna

  ffsc-151
 Maki, Senja (Maunu)
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ollila, Douglas. 9 Aug 1973 in Ely, Minn.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Ely, MN; Franklin, MN. Maki's Clothing
Subjects: Clergy; Ely (Minn.); Ethnic Groups; Finnish-American Newspapers; Finnish Newspapers; Kaleva (Mich.); Lutheran Church in America; Merchants; Politics; Religious life -- Ely (Minn.); Socialism -- Ely (Minn.); Temperance -- Societies, etc.;
Excerpt  T1S1  24:27 - 26:30  Temperance Society in Ely, MN
Subject terms: Temperance; Societies; Alcoholism; Ely, MN

  ffsc-152
 Maki, Wilho "Buck"
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 3 Oct 1974 in Alston, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Subjects: Country Life; Crosscut Saws; Distilling, illicit; Farming; General Stores; Hunting; Log Transportation; Logging; Lumber Camps -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Pelkie (Mich.); Railroad travel; Railroads -- Pelkie (Mich.); Rural Conditions; Storytelling; Teamsters; Timber; Trains; Trapping; Truck Drivers;
Excerpt  T1S2  6:06 - 8:23  Using a crosscut saw in a lumber camp
Subject terms: Crosscut saws; Lumber camps; Logging; Lumber; Sawing
Excerpt  T1S1  23:13 - 24:27  Household accidentally poisoned by Exlax
Subject terms: General store; medicine; Anecdotes

  ffsc-153
 Mantila, Ron
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown)

  ffsc-154
 Martin, Matt
 

Interviewed by:
Rankinen, E. Olof. In Finnish

  ffsc-155
 Martino, Bill
 

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. September 8, 1973 in DNM Offices, Detroit, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1910-1960s
Places and Names: Detroit, MI. Detroit, MI; Detroit Institute of Technology
Subjects: Banking;Detroit; Mortgage banks; Real estate development;

  ffsc-156
 Matthews, Frank
 Born 1902, Negaunee, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
King, Keith. 29 July 1973 in Jackson Mine Museum, Negaunee Twp, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1840s - 1970s
Places and Names: Negaunee, MI. Jackson Mine; Cleveland Cliffs Iron Co.
Subjects: Anecdotes; Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Company; Cornish Pasties; Ethnic Groups; Forge shops; Iron Mines and Mining -- Accidents; Iron Mines and Mining -- Michigan; Jackson Mine Museum (Negaunee, Mich.); Negaunee (Mich.); Railroads;
Excerpt  T1S1  2:44 - 4:10  Ethnic groups lived separately but got along in Negaunee
Subject terms: Negaunee, MI; Ethnic Groups; Community Life; Iron Mines and Mining

  ffsc-157
 Mattila, John and Saima
 Born 22 July 1896 (John)

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, Ralph. 26 Jul 1973 in Interviewee's home in South Range, Mich. In Finnish
Inclusive dates: 1800-1920s
Places and Names: Minnesota; North-Dakota; Hancock; South Range, MI. Copper Country; Knights of Kalevala; Boston location school; Highway school
Subjects: Agriculture; Copper Mines and Mining; Education;Emigration and immigration; Food; Knitting; Radio programs Teaching;

  ffsc-158
 Mattson, Mr. and Mrs. Matt ; Swetish, Mr. and Mrs. Joe
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, Paul. 6 Aug 1972
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1940s
Places and Names: Isle Royale Mine
Subjects: Bicycles; Church; Distilling, Illicit; Drinking of alcoholic beverages; Family -- History; Home remedies; Italian Hall Disaster, Calumet, Mich., 1913; Temperance -- Societies, etc.; Traditional Medicine; United States. Works Progress Administration;
Excerpt  T2S1  16:56 - 17:32  Bicycle accident
Subject terms: Bicycles; Accidents; Dodgeville, MI

  ffsc-159
 Mattson, Peter
 Born 1908
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, Paul. 23 July 1972
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1940s
Places and Names: Dodgeville, MI. Isle Royale Mine
Subjects: Alcohol; Bars (Drinking establishments); Brothels; Communism; Education; Family -- History; Finnish-American Newspapers; Great Depression; Isle Royale Mine (Mich.); Labor Unions; Lumber Camps -- Michigan; Prostitution; United States. Works Progress Administration;
Excerpt  T1S2  20:27 - 21:29  Houses visited by a beer wagon
Subject terms: Alcohol; Beer; Brewing

  ffsc-160
 McMahon, Jack
 Born 1916
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 8 Aug 1973 in Franklin Mine location
Inclusive dates: 1870s - 1970s
Places and Names: McGinty's Resort, Copper Harbor, MI
Subjects: Air Travel; Border security; Catholic Church; Communism; Communism -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Community Life; Copper Harbor (Mich.); Copper Miners' Strike, Mich, 1913-1914; Customs appraisal; Distilling, illicit; Education; Education, Elementary; Emigration and Immigration; Ethnic Groups; Family -- History; Great Depression; Irish Americans; Midwifery -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Midwifery; Picnics; Politics; Prohibition; Railroads; Schools; Strikebreakers; Tourism;
Excerpt  T1S1  14:02 - 16:40  Setting up a church and community cooperation
Subject terms: Clergy; Religion -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Church; Ethnic Groups; Community Life

  ffsc-161
 McManiman, Charles O.
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, Paul. 17 July 1972
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Hancock, MI; Houghton, MI. Markham's Candy; Karger & Sons; Weaver & Sons; Peninsula Wholesale Grocery Company; Lake Superior Produce Company; Michigan Tech.; "Mine Time"; "Fast Time"
Subjects: Blacksmithing; Blacksmiths -- Hancock, MI; Carriage and Wagon Making; Churches; Democrats -- Michigan; Ethnic Conflict; Ethnic Groups; Horseshoeing; Politics; Politics; Religion; Voting;
Excerpt  T1S1  0:23 - 5:15  Life and work in a blacksmith's shop
Subject terms: Blacksmithing; Horseshoeing; Wagon and cart mending; Hancock, MI

  ffsc-162
 Michelson, Andrew
 Born 1987, Norway
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. July 1972 in Hancock, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Minneapolis, MN; Graybull, WY; Mile City, MT; Hancock, MI; Nigeria; Chicago, Il. Moody Bible Institute
Subjects: Apostolic Lutheran Church of America; Clergy; Family -- History; Laestadianism; Laestadianism; Laestadianism; Moody Bible Institute; Preaching; Sunday Schools; Tailoring;
Excerpt  T1S2  1:04 - 3:49  Formation of the first Apostolic Church of Chicago
Subject terms: Apostolic Lutheran Church; Chicago, Il; Clergy

  ffsc-163
 Mikkola, Chef
 

Interviewed by:
Whitman, Robert
Places and Names: Upper Peninsula, MI; Paavola, MI
Subjects: Hancock (Mich.); Hiring of employees; Hunting; Mining; Paavola (Mich.); Upper Peninsula (Mich.)--Social life and customs; Wages;

  ffsc-164
 Milden, Gary
 Born 1940, Calumet, Mich.

Interviewed by:
Antilla, Elroy. 6 Aug 1975 in Suomi College
Inclusive dates: 1940s-1950s
Places and Names: Calumet, MI; Lake Linden, MI. Washington Grade School, St. Joe's Grade School; Lake Linden-Hubbell High School
Subjects: Calumet (Mich.); Lake Linden (Mich.); Rural education

  ffsc-165
 Miller, Gust
 Born 1892, Kuortane, Finland
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Niemi, Adian. 4 Dec 1974 in Duluth, Minn. In Finnish
Inclusive dates: 1920s - 1970s
Places and Names: Eveleth, MN; Duluth, MN. August Rintala (Miller's birth name); Oliver Mining Co.; Duluth Ice and Fuel Co.
Subjects: Choirs (Music); Dancing; Duluth (Minn.); Emigration and Immigration; Ethnic Conflict; Knights of Kaleva; Shipbuilding -- Accidents; Shipbuilding -- Duluth (Minn.); Shipyards;

  ffsc-166
 Miller, Mrs. Helene
 

Interviewed by:
Sonneman, Dr. Carl. June 8, 1975 in Calumet, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1905-1920
Places and Names: Calumet, MI; Laurium, MI. Lake View Cemetery; Red Jacket School; Carmel Church; Electric Park
Subjects: Blizzards; Calumet (Mich.); Laurium (Mich.); Red Jacket (Mich.); Rural education; South Bend (Ind.); Street car lines; Swedish Americans;
Excerpt  T1S1  26:04:26:50  Snow drifts in Laurium, MI
Subject terms: Upper Peninsula; Laurium, MI; Blizzards; Snowfall

  ffsc-167
 Mills, Edward W. and Mrs. ; Ruolo, Mrs.
 Edward Born 1905
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 9 Aug 1972
Inclusive dates: 1910s - 1970s
Places and Names: Calumet, MI. Italian Hall; Calumet and Hecla Mining Co.
Subjects: Ambulance Driving; Calumet & Hecla Band; Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Chicago Bridge & Iron Co.; Copper Mines and Mining -- Accidents; Copper Mines and Mining -- Calumet (Mich.); Dances; Distilling, illicit; Great Depression; Italian Hall Disaster, Calumet, Mich., 1913; Logging; Lumber Camps -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Lumber; Prohibition; Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945. ; Singing; Teaching; Teamsters; Theaters -- Calumet (Mich.); Timber; United States. Works Progress Administration; World War, 1914-1918.; World War, 1939-1945;
Excerpt  T1S2  24:31 - 27:13  A bad accident in C&H mine
Subject terms: Copper Mines and Mining -- Accidents; Anecdotes; Ambulance drivers
Excerpt  T2S2  2:12 - 3:43  A positive encounter with James McNaughton
Subject terms: James McNaughton; Calumet and Hecla Mining Co.

  ffsc-168
 Mills, Mrs. Edward
 Born 9 June 1907, Calumet, Mich.

Interviewed by:
Mills, Gary J.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1920s
Places and Names: Calumet, MI. Calumet Schools
Subjects: Baths; Beggars; Butchers; Calumet (Mich.); Chiropractors; Church; Clergy -- Calumet (Mich.); Copper Mines and mining; Cows; Cupping; Dairy Farming; Education; Family -- History; Farming -- Bruce Crossing (Mich.); Finnish-American Newspapers; Games; Glazing -- Detroit (Mich.); Great Depression; Health Insurance Home Remedies; Influenza Epidemic, 1918-1919.; Local exchange trading systems -- Hancock (Mich.); Log Transportation; Logging; Lumber Camps; Lumber Camps; Medicine; Outdoor recreation; Outhouses; Physicians; Politics; Public Baths; Railroad Construction workers; Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ); Sauna; Schools; Socialism -- Calumet (Mich.); Stock Market Crash, 1929; Suicide; Teachers; Timber; Traditional medicine;

  ffsc-169
 Murtonen, Dr. Leonard
 Born 1896, Calumet
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 26 July 1973 in Dr. Murtonen's Office, Hancock, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1950s
Places and Names: Calumet, MI; Bruce Crossing, MI; Detroit, MI; Hancock, MI. North Star Society; Arthur Leopold Heideman; H.J. Jasberg; Big Louie Moilanen; Wolverine Mine; White Pine Mine; National College of Chiropractics; Hoffman Drops; Dr. Koivupalo
Excerpt  T1S1  14:41 - 17:43  Children's games in the early 1900s
Subject terms: Children's games; Pastimes; Entertainment
Excerpt  T2S2  2:43 - 4:52  Big Louie' Moilanen
Subject terms: Louis 'Big Louie' Moilanen

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 Mustonen, Mabel
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Armstrong, Helen. 14 Oct 1976 in Lake Linden
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Subjects: Arts and crafts; Embroidery; Family -- History; Jewelers; Looms; Sauna; Sewing; Weaving;
Excerpt  T2S1  1:45 - 3:03  Description of Finnish and Scandinavian art
Subject terms: Art; Finland; Scandinavia

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 Mutkala, Arthur
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 3 Aug 1973
Inclusive dates: 1920s - 1950s
Places and Names: Simon Saw Co.; Caterpillar Tractor Co.
Subjects: Anecdotes;Bear Hunting; Caterpillar Tractors; Chain saws; Coyotes; Crawler Tractors; Crosscut saws; Deer hunting; Finnish-Americans Great Depression; Hunting Lodges; Hunting; Log Transportation; Logging -- Accidents -- Michigan; Logging -- Equipment and supplies; Logging -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Lumber Camps -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Piecework; Poaching; Teamsters; Timber; Timber; Trapping;
Excerpt  T1S1  8:13 - 11:11  Playing tricks on friends while hunting
Subject terms: Deer Hunting; Hunting lodges; Practical jokes
Excerpt  T3S1  10:29 - 11:29  Life in the bunkhouse of a lumber camp
Subject terms: Lumber Camps -- Conditions; Logging; Meals

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 Mutkala, Eva
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Elaine. 28 Sept 1974 in Eva's weaving room, Pelkie, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1970s
Subjects: Arts and crafts; Finnish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Hobbies & crafts -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Rag Rugs; Weaving;
Excerpt  T1S1  6:24 - 7:42  Steps of making a rag rug
Subject terms: Weaving; Rag Rugs; Arts and Crafts

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 Myers, Ina-Ilona
 Born 1905

Interviewed by:
Armstrong, Helen. November 11, 1976 in Interviewee's home in Lake Linden, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s-1920s
Subjects: Crafts; Estonian language--Comparison; Finnish -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Finnish language; Finnish-Americans; Home remedies; Strikes; Tatting; Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Weaving;
Excerpt  T1S1  12:48-13:54  Learning perfect Finnish from her father
Subject terms: Finnish Language; Finnish-Americans

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 Mykkanen, Impi Edith (Samanen)
 Born 1898, Saarijarvi, Finland

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown)
Inclusive dates: 1905-1925
Places and Names: Chatham, MI; Ishpeming, MI. Chatham Post Office; Chatham Experimental Station; Suomi College
Subjects: Chatham (Mich.); Ethnic relations; Finnish Americans; Ishpeming (Mich.); Suomi College; Suomi Synod
Excerpt  T1S1  1:45-2:20  Telling of her greatest accomplishments: working in her church and higher education.
Subject terms: Finnish Americans; Suomi Synod; Higher education; Rural education

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 Myrick, William
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown)

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 Nancarrow, Jennie Grace
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Berry, Betty. 12 July 1973 in Houghton, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1960s
Places and Names: Freda Park; Electric Park
Subjects: Boats and boating; Christmas; Community Life -- Houghton (Mich.); Dancing; Excursion boats; Family -- History; Festive foods for the holidays; German Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Government employment; Lake Steamers; Medical care; Outdoor recreation for children; Paddle Steamers; Passenger ships; Picnics; Picnics; Riverboats; Skating Rinks; Theater; Transportation; Winter -- Recreation -- Houghton (Mich.);
Excerpt  T1S1  12:38 - 13:32  Making your own ice rink in the back yard
Subject terms: Winter sports and pastimes; Entertainment; Houghton, MI; Parties; Community Life

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 Narhi, Gladys
 Born 20 Jan 1915, Minneapolis, Minn.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 31 Sept 1974 in Pelkie, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1940s - 1970s
Places and Names: Eau Claire, WI; Chicago, Il; Pelkie, MI. 4-H
Subjects: Child rearing; Community Life -- Pelkie (Mich.); Country Life; Culture; Family -- History; Farming; Finnish-Americans; Gardening; Parenting; Pelkie (Mich.); Sauna; Stoves, Wood;
Excerpt  T1S1  5:03 - 6:15  A city girl starting out on a farm
Subject terms: Farming -- Michigan; Country Life; Farm Life; Pelkie, MI; Wood stoves

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 Nash, Jim
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 2 July 1973
Inclusive dates: 1939 - 1970s
Places and Names: Pelkie, MI. Lake Ladoga
Subjects: Anecdotes; Armed forces; Armies; Black Bear Hunting; Community Life -- Pelkie (Mich.); Deer Hunting; Finnish-Americans; Fishing; Hand-to-hand fighting; Local exchange trading systems; Russo-Finnish War, 1939-1940.; Ski patrollers; Soldiers; Tracking and trailing; Venison; Winter warfare;
Excerpt  T2S1  10:51 - 13:51  Description of a battle in the Winter War
Subject terms: Russo-Finnish War, 1939-1940; Warfare; Finnish-Americans; Lake Ladoga

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 Nelson, Alex
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, Paul. 28 Jul 1972
Excerpt  T1S1  8:11 - 17:55  The mine's immigration services. Norwegian language in Sunday School. 1913 Strike and the strikers' parades. Alexander Agassiz (President of Calumet-Hecla Mining Company) and corporate paternalism. Calumet-Hecla Library and the Librarian, Mrs. Grearson.
Subject terms: Emigration and immigration; Norwegian language; 1913; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Agassiz, Alexander, 1835-1910; Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Libraries
Excerpt  T1S1  2:07 - 7:30  “I have a very high regard for the young people today.” Frisbee tournament. “I don’t judge a man by the length of his hair.” Predictions about the Copper Country.
Subject terms: Flying discs (Game); Upper Peninsula (Mich.)

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 Nelson, Rev. Keith
 Born in Minneapolis, Minn.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 26 Sept 1973 in Pelkie, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1970 - 1973
Places and Names: Pelkie, MI
Subjects: Alcohol; Baptism and church membership; Campaign management; Church attendance; Church committees; Church work with older people -- Pelkie (Mich.); Church; Clergy; Community Life -- Pelkie (Mich.); Country Life; Finnish-Americans -- Pelkie (Mich.); Liturgies; Lutheran Church; Parish Councils; Religious Life -- Pelkie (Mich.); Rural elderly; Social work administration;
Excerpt  T1S2  10:26 - 12:17  Finnish-American "Black & White" attitude to alcohol
Subject terms: Alcohol; Drinking; Drunkenness or Abstinence
Excerpt  T1S1  2:14 - 4:40  Pastor's first views of Pelkie in 1970
Subject terms: Pelkie, MI; Lutheran Church; Clergy; Pastor Keith Nelson

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 Nicholas, Jean
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, Paul. 6 Aug 1972
Excerpt  T1S1  15:00 - 23:40  Teaching in Champion, Michigan during the Great Depression.
Subject terms: Champion (Mich.); Teaching; Great Depression

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 Niemi, Arthur J. and Ilma
 Arthur Born 1901, Kenton, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Niemi, Adrian. 18 Apr 1975
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Virginia, MN; Payne, MN; Eveleth, MN. Virginia-Rennie Lake Co.
Subjects: Anecdotes; Church; Farming; Finnish-Americans; Food; Fourth Of July Celebrations; Iron Mines and Mining; Logging; Lumber camps; Lumber-yards -- Accidents; Lumber-yards; Payne (Minn.); Religious Life -- Virginia (Minn.); Sawmills -- Virginia (Minn.);
Excerpt  T1S2  20:10 - 23:01  Ilma stays the night at a lumber camp
Subject terms: Lumber Camps; Anecdotes; Food

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 Niemisto, Reuben
 Born Dec 1925, Pelkie, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Lavery, Allan. 30 Jan 1974
Inclusive dates: 1920s - 1970s
Places and Names: Alston Mill; Ford Motor Co.
Subjects: Band Saws; Circular Saws; Crawler Tractors; Farm Life -- Pelkie (Mich.); Farming; Ford Motor Company; Loaders (Machines); Logging -- Equipment and supplies; Logging -- Pelkie (Mich.); Logging trucks; Lumber Camps; Pulpwood; Salvage (Waste, etc.); Sawmills -- Equipment and supplies; Sawmills -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Trees; Wood;
Excerpt  T1S2  33:13 - 35:52  Learning the logging industry
Subject terms: Logging; Loggers; Crosscut saws; Logging -- Equipment and supplies

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 Niska, Mr. and Mrs. Charles
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Anderson, Wallace. 5 Aug 1973
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Calumet Theatre; People's Theatre, Laurium
Subjects: Entertainment events; Ethnic Groups; Finnish Americans -- Calumet (Mich.); General Stores; Language and languages; Linguistic change; Motion picture theaters; Theaters;
Excerpt  T1S1  6:37 - 8:02  Delivering groceries in the Calumet area in the 1910s-20s
Subject terms: Grocery delivery, Calumet, MI

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 Noblet, U. John and Gladys (Nebel)
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Berry, Betty. 4 Dec 1973 in Interviewee's home, Houghton, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Gladstone, MI; Alger County, MI. Marvel Iron Co.; Buckeye Plant, Gladstone; Mrs. Swenson; Michigan Technological University; Diamond Match Co.
Subjects: Athletics; Banks and banking; Blueberries; Bunyan, Paul (Legendary character); Chimney Sweeps; Church; College Sports -- Houghton (Mich.); Community Life -- Houghton (Mich.); Custom-made clothing; Deer; Diphtheria; Education; Ethnic Groups; Family -- History; Gladstone (Mich.); Hockey; Influenza Epidemic, 1918-1919.; Leisure; Log Brands Log Transportation; Logging -- Equipment and supplies; Logging -- Gladstone (Mich.); Lumber Camps; Michigan Technological University; Newspapers; Pageants; Piecework; Plays; Politics; Presbyterian Church; Proverbs; Rationing; Sprinting; Sunday school; United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.; White pine.; Women -- Societies and clubs.; World War, 1939-1945; World War, 1914-1918.;
Excerpt  T1S1  22:14 - 25:25  Holiday athletics competitions
Subject terms: Athletics; Holidays; Competition; Sprinting; Leisure
Excerpt  T3S2  24:27 - 26:41  Marking logs for identification at the mills
Subject terms: Logging; Log Transportation

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 Nodstrom, Charles O.
 Born 1898, Soudan, Minn.

Interviewed by:
Lager, Dr. . February 6, 1978
Inclusive dates: 1900-1920
Places and Names: Soudan, MN
Subjects: Crookston (Minn.) Homesteading; Locomotive engineers;Logging--Minnesota; Railroads--Minnesota--Duluth--History--20th century;

 Otop of page

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 Odgers, Millicent Marie
 Born in the United States
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Kessler, Catherine. 1 July 1973 in Iron River, Mich.
Places and Names: Iron River, Mich.
Subjects: Christmas; Family -- History;Games -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.) Home Remedies; Ku Klux Klan;Mines and mining -- Iron River (Mich.)

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 Oikarinen, Jafet
 

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown). 27 Jul 1972

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 Oinas, Arthur
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 3 Aug 1972
Excerpt  T1S2  :01 - 6:27  Mining company political pressure. The difficulty of voting if one was a miner. Serving as Justice of the Peace for Stanton Township. Farming in 1910’s through the Great Depression. Prices of farm products during the Depression.
Subject terms: Copper mines and mining; Business and politics; Voting; J. P. C.; Agriculture; Farms; Great Depression

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 Oja, Matti and Lyyli
 Born 1894, Finland
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 6 Dec 1975 in Interviewee's residence in L'Anse, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s-1950s
Places and Names: Calumet, MI; Pelkie, MI. Pelkie School; Maude Cameron; Pelkie First Apostolic Church
Subjects: Apostolic Lutheran Church of America; General stores; Pelkie (Mich.); Apostolic Lutheran Church of America; General stores; Pelkie (Mich.);
Excerpt  T1S2  5:58-7:11  Mrs. Oja talks about the law of Moses in the First Apostolic Church.

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 Oja, Matt and Reuben
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Lavery, Allan
Inclusive dates: 1910s - 1970s
Places and Names: Pelkie; Arvon; Tapiola, MI. Worcester Lumber Company; Ford Motor Company; Cliff-Dow Chemical; Mercury Powers Saws
Subjects: Chain saws; Ford Motor Company; General Stores; Log Transportation; Logging -- Equipment and supplies; Logging -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Lumber Camps -- Upper Peninsula ( Mich.); Sawmills -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Timber;
Excerpt  T1S2  5:31 - 6:55  Fire at a lumber camp
Subject terms: Lumber Camps; Logging; Fires

  ffsc-191
 Ojala, Esther
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Lack, Nancy. 3 Dec 1974 in Interviewee's home in Hancock, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1910-1930
Places and Names: Houghton County, MI. Liminga School; Oskar School; Boston School; Pewabic School, Hancock Jr. High School, Newberry School, St. Joseph School; E.B. Holman; Northern Michigan College of Education;
Subjects: Normal schools; Rural schools -- Michigan; Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Wages;
Excerpt  T1S1  0:25 - 1:20  Listing the schools where she worked in her 50-year career
Subject terms: Rural schools; Rural Education; Upper Peninsula;

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 Ojala, Esther and Lyle
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 24 July 1973 in Interviewee's home in Hancock, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1880s - 1940s
Places and Names: Hancock, MI; Newberry, MI; Liminga, MI. Henry Ford
Subjects: Cable cars (Streetcars); Child health services; Church and education; Classroom management; Dress codes; Education, rural; Emigration and immigration; Ethnic conflict; Ethnic groups; Family -- History; Finnish Americans; Apostolic Lutheran Church of America; Ford, Henry, 1863-1947; Irish Americans; Lay preaching; Medical care; Political participation; Politics; Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919; Rural Schools -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); School discipline; School health services; Summer schools; Teaching;
Excerpt  T1S2  26:22 - 28:42  Henry Ford pays for children's health and dental care
Subject terms: Henry Ford; Health Camps; Medical care; Newberry, MI

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 Ojala, Toivo
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 22 Sept 1974
Inclusive dates: 1920s - 1950s
Places and Names: Pelkie, MI. Mineral Range Railroad
Subjects: Bars (Drinking establishments); Creameries; Delivery of goods; Handcars; Log transportation; Lumber trade; Mineral Range Railroad Company; Motion picture theaters; Railroad accidents; Railroad Construction workers; Railroads; Tie hacks; Transportation;
Excerpt  T1S1  19:08 - 20:59  Getting a derailed engine back on the tracks
Subject terms: Railroads, Trains, Railroad workers; Railroad accidents

  ffsc-194
 Olander, Robert
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Oikarinen, Peter. 1 Jul 1975
Excerpt  T1S2  0:00 - 3:39  Lived behind Italian Hall and brought a ladder to the Hall during the night of the 1913 disaster. Waddell Detective agency.
Subject terms: Italian Hall Disaster, Calumet, Mich., 1913;

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 Ollanketo, John
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ton, John. 17 Dec 1974

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 Olson, Maurice
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Lavery, Allan. 31 Jan 1974 in Celotex Corporation, L'Anse, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1950s - 1970s
Places and Names: Celotex Corporation
Subjects: Aspen; Celotex Corporation; Forests and forestry -- Valuation; Log Transportation; Logging trucks; Lumber trade; Truck drivers; Waste disposal in the ground; Water -- Purification; Wood chips; Wood waste;
Excerpt  T1S1  39:43 - 42:51  Waste management at Celotex plant, L'Anse, MI - 1970s
Subject terms: Waste management; Pollution; Celotex Corporation

  ffsc-197
 O'Meara, James and Lydia
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 13 Jul 1972

  ffsc-198
 O'Meara, Jim
 

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown). 2 Feb 1975
Excerpt  T1S1  0:30 - 11:12  Moving from Ottawa, Canada to Detroit Michigan. An Irishman marries a Finn. The Great Depression in the U.P.
Subject terms: Emigration and immigration; Ethnic relations; Great Depression

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 Padberg, Louise
 

Interviewed by:
Litsenberger, John. 29 June 1974 in Interviewee's home in Copper Falls, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1920s
Subjects: Blacksmiths; Early memories Education; Family -- History;Rural Schools;

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 Paulson, Fred J.
 Born 1902
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Helgren, Dorias & Harju, Larry. 23 July 1974 in Interviewee's home in Hancock, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1930s - 1960s
Places and Names: Hancock, MI
Subjects: Alcoholism and crime; Brothels; Criminals; Drunk driving; Ex-police officers; Female offenders; Firearms and crime; Firearms; Juvenile delinquents; Law Enforcement; Lie detectors and detection; Mentally ill offenders; Michigan State Police; Murderers; Police shootings; Police; Prostitution; Sheriffs; Strikes and lockouts; Traffic accidents;
Excerpt  T1S1  15:57 - 21:21  Non fatal shooting of a police officer (Fred Paulson)
Subject terms: Law Enforcement; Police; Firearms; Criminals; Attempted murder

  ffsc-201
 Pelto, Alfred
 

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael in Driving from Pelkie to Houghton
Subjects: Cutting Ice

  ffsc-202
 Pelto, Alfred
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 20 Oct 1973
Inclusive dates: 1910s - 1930s
Places and Names: Pelkie, MI. Tom Bond's Bar; Pelkie Cheese Factory
Subjects: Bars (drinking establishments); Bedbugs; Cheese factories -- Pelkie (Mich.); Crawler Tractors; Creameries; Dairy farming; Ethnic groups; Farming; French Canadians; Logging -- Equipment and supplies; Lumber Camps -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Pelkie (Mich.); Sawmills; Teamsters; Theft; Wages;
Excerpt  T2S1  27:07 - 29:33  Lumberjacks spending all their wages on alcohol
Subject terms: Lumberjacks; Alcoholism; Bars and saloons

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 Pelto, Alfred
 Born in Ishpeming, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 4 Dec 1975
Inclusive dates: 1920s-1940s
Places and Names: Pelkie, MI; Ishpeming, MI; Nisula, MI; Alston, MI; Alberta, MI;
Subjects: Alston (Mich.); Farming L'Anse (Mich.); Longyear Company; Nisula (Mich.); Pelkie (Mich.); Sawmills; Alston (Mich.); Farming L'Anse (Mich.); Longyear Company; Nisula (Mich.); Pelkie (Mich.); Sawmills;
Excerpt  T1S1  41:28-42:14  The importance of living within walking distance of one's workplace.

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 Pelto, Emil
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 4 Oct 1974 in Interviewee's home in Froberg area, Pelkie, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1880s - 1970s
Places and Names: Pelkie, MI; Froberg, MI. Godfrey and Sons; Arthur Leopold Heideman
Subjects: Agriculture; Apostolic Lutheran Church of America; Cabbage; Church; Clearing of land; Communism -- Pelkie (Mich.); Country life; Cows; Dairy farming; Delivery of goods; Emigration and Immigration; Ethnic conflict; Family -- History; Farming; Fishing; Hockey -- Pelkie (Mich.); Log Driving; Rural conditions; Rural schools; Socialism;
Excerpt  T1S1  20:55 - 23:11  Planting cabbages
Subject terms: Cabbages; Farming; Agriculture; Rural conditions

  ffsc-205
 Pelto, Ilmi
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 4 Dec 1975
Places and Names: First Apostolic Lutheran Church History in Pelkie

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 Perander, Dagmar (Saari)
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 2 Oct 1974
Inclusive dates: 1910s - 1970s
Places and Names: Elo, MI . Frans Koski; John Junttila; Pastor Pikkusaari
Subjects: Alcohol; Baking; Chickens; Chores; Christmas; Churches -- Elo (Mich.); Clergy -- Elo (Mich.); Eggs -- Production; Farming; Farming; Forest fires; General stores; Kerosene lamps; Local exchange trading systems -- Elo (Mich.); Parenting; Religion; Reputations; Rural schools;
Excerpt  T1S2  4:48 - 6:54  The activities of the Women's Guild in Pelkie (Mich.)
Subject terms: Women's Guild; Pelkie, MI; Elo, MI; Church

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 Pesonen, Emil and Elmi
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Brown, Viola. 10 July 1973
Inclusive dates: 1910s - 1930s
Places and Names: South Range, MI; Baltic, MI
Subjects: Athletic clubs; Brothels; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich. 1913-1914; Copper mines and mining; Courtship; Emigration and immigration; Mine lighting; Motion pictures; Picnics; Skiing; Brothels
Excerpt  T1S1  6:51 - 8:56  Membership of an athletics club
Subject terms: Sports; Social clubs; Athletics

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 Peters, Pastor James and Elaine
 

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 8 Dec 1975
Places and Names: Pelkie Evangelical Lutheran Church History

  ffsc-209
 Peterson, Helmer
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 21 Sept 1974 in Interviewee's home
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1930s
Places and Names: Bridgeman Russell; Whisky Pete (Pete Nelson); ; Matt Ruohokoski
Subjects: Alcoholism; Community life; Copper mines and mining; Crosscut saws; Dairy farming; Dairy products; Emigration and immigration; Ethnic conflict; Family -- History; Local exchange trading systems; Log driving; Log transportation; Logging; Lumber camps; Storytelling; Teamsters; Wounds and injuries;
Excerpt  T1S1  2:18 - 5:05  Why the family came to America
Subject terms: Emigration and Immigration; Finnish Americans

  ffsc-210
 Polkala, John
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 30 July 1973 in Pelkie, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1910s - 1970s
Places and Names: Pelkie, MI. Pelkie Cooperative Cattle Shipping Association
Subjects: Agricultural machinery; Banks and banking; Blacklisting, Labor; Board of directors; Cash discounts; Cattle -- Marketing -- Pelkie (Mich.); Communism; Community life -- Pelkie (Mich.); Consumer cooperatives; Consumer credit; Cooperative societies; Corporate law; Corporate profits -- Effect of inflation on; Creameries -- Pelkie (Mich.); Credit unions; Credit; Dance parties; Economics; Employee selection; Farming; Farming; Feed mills; General stores; Grocery shopping; Inflation (Finance); Loans; Local exchange trading systems; Mailing lists; Markup; Peddlers; Pelkie (Mich.); Petroleum refineries; Pricing; Radio advertising; Sales; Saving and investment -- Effect of inflation on; Service stations; Shopping carts; Shopping; Stocks; Tax administration and procedure; Taxation; Television advertising; Tractors Wages;
Excerpt  T3S1  0:00 - 4:02  The demise of the Pelkie coop creamery
Subject terms: Pelkie, MI; Creameries; Cooperative societies
Excerpt  T4S2  1:20 - 2:47  Introducing self service and shopping carts to the coop
Subject terms: Pelkie, MI; Shopping; General store; Cooperative societies

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 Popovich, Nick
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art in Bloomensen Hospital, Ely, Minn.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Ely, MN. Savoy mine; Sibley mine; Pioneer mine
Subjects: Catholic church; Clergy; Croatian-American newspapers; Emigration and immigration; Ethnic groups; Family -- History; Iron miners -- Labor unions; Iron miners; Iron mines and mining; Literacy; Medical care; Slavic languages;

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 Puotinen, Art ; et al
 

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown)
Inclusive dates: 1864-1920s
Places and Names: Houghton, MI; Calumet, MI; Tapiola, MI; Ewen, MI; Trout Creek, MI; Hancock, MI; . Ransom Sheldon, Douglass Houghton; Forest Hill Cemetery; Houghton Cemetery; Electric Park, Calumet; Abram Ojala; OJ Larsson
Subjects: Calumet (Mich.); Hancock (Mich.); Houghton (Mich.); Houghton, Douglass, 1809-1845; Italian Hall Disaster, Calumet, Mich., 1913; Michigan Technological University--History; Quincy Mining Company; Rural Education; Streetcars; Strikes--1910-1920; Suomi College; Suomi Synod; Upper Peninsula (Mich.)--Church history;
Excerpt  T1S1  22:25-23:20  A women's day in early 20th century
Subject terms: Farm life, mining; homemaking
Excerpt  T1S2  7:26-8:05  The formation of schools in mining towns.
Subject terms: Rural schools, Upper Peninsula

  ffsc-213
 Puotinen, Hap
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown). 9 Jul 1973

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 Pykkonen, Edward and Anna (Heikkinen)
 Anna Born 1899, Kuhma, Oulu Lääni ; Edward Born 1894
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 26 July 1972 in Hancock, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Paavola, MI; Chassell, MI. Quincy Mining Co.; Big Louie Moilanen
Subjects: Copper mines and mining -- Accidents; Copper mines and mining; Delivery of goods; Education; Emigration and immigration; Ethnic groups; Family -- History; Farming; Farming; Finnish Americans; Finnish-American newspapers; General stores; Great Depression; Medical care -- Hancock (Mich.); Rural schools; Schools; Temperance -- Societies, etc.; Work Projects Administration;
Excerpt  T1S1  17:16 - 20:14  "Big Louie" Moilanen's funeral
Subject terms: Louis 'Big Louie' Moilanen; Funerals; Hancock, MI

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 Pyorala, Arvo
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 13 Jul 1972
Excerpt  T1S2  0:00 -3:59  Train robbery story. An explanation for the lack of crime in the Copper Country.
Subject terms: Train robberies; Crime; Upper Peninsula (Mich.)

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 Quilliam, Mrs. Lillian
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ranta, Elma. 7 Sept 1974 in Marquette, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1910s - 1960s
Places and Names: Covington, MI; Watton, MI; Marquette, MI
Subjects: Automobiles; Chores; Church; Community life; Ethnic groups; Ethnic relations; Farming; Fourth of July celebrations; Great Depression; Home remedies; Lutheran Church; Politics; Religion; Rural schools; School discipline; Teaching;
Excerpt  T1S1  25:03 - 27:14  Community spirit during a hard Christmas
Subject terms: Community life; Christmas; Community spirit; Neighbors

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 Rajanen, Adolph
 Born 27 Nov 1900, Saarijärvi, Finland
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Niemi, Adrian. 4 Dec 1974 in Duluth, Minn.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Wolf Lake, MN; Duluth, MN
Subjects: Barbering; Barbers; Farming; Finlandia Foundation; Finnish language; Great Depression; History -- Societies, etc.; Labor unions; Medical care; Societies; Superstition;
Excerpt  T1S1  12:44 - 14:11  Labor movements harmed the Finns
Subject terms: Labor movements; Unions; Finnish Americans; IWW

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 Rankinen, E. Olaf
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 23 Jul 1972
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1950s
Subjects: Clergy; Communism -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Confirmation; Ethnic groups -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Family -- history; Finnish Americans -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Great Depression; Pilots; Schools -- Mass (Mich.); Socialism -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); South Range (Mich.); Suomi College; Suomi Synod;
Excerpt  T1S2  20:14 - 23:56  Flying Priest
Subject terms: Flying; Priests; Clergy; Pilot
Excerpt  T1S2  12:59 - 14:13  Saarnivaara and Laestadians at Suomi College
Subject terms: Suomi College; Laestadian; Saarnivaara, Uuras

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 Ranta, William
 Born 1908, Marquette, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ranta, Elma. 28 Sept 1974 in Marquette, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: LS & I Railroad; SS & A Railroad
Subjects: Berries; Boarding houses; Dairies; Dairies; Dairy cattle; Dairy products; Delivery of goods; Egg trade; Eggs -- Prices; Ethnic relations; Farming; Finnish Americans; German Americans; Milk -- Pasteurization; Picnics; Railroad travel; Refrigerated trucks; Rural schools; School discipline;
Excerpt  T1S2  10:55 - 12:13  Walking cows 10 miles to a new farm
Subject terms: Cows; Farm life; Marquette, MI; Transportation

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 Raymond, Edmund
 Born 15 Nov 1898, Republic, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ranta, Eero. 2 July 1973 in Hancock, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1930s
Places and Names: Copper Range Railroad; Bosch Brewery
Subjects: Breweries Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914;Copper Range Railroad Company; Italian Hall Disaster, Calumet, Mich., 1913; Railroads;

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 Reed, Grace (Markham)
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Parenti, Constance. 30 June 1973
Inclusive dates: 1890s - 1920s
Places and Names: Markham's Candy
Subjects: Amusements Berries; Candy; Dress codes; Picnics;School; Travel;
Excerpt  T1S1  6:20 - 7:30  The founding of Markham's Candy factory
Subject terms: Candy factory; Candy manufacture

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 Reinhart, Fr. Charles
 Born 11 July 1914, Marinette, WI
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 11 July 1973 in Interviewee's home in Hancock, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1930s - 1970s
Places and Names: Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Company; Bishop Baraga; Gene Saari
Subjects: Air bases; Bars (drinking establishments); Clergy; Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Company; Community life; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Ethnic groups; European immigrants and American society; Family -- History; French Americans; German Americans; Gwinn (Mich.); Hancock (Mich.); Immigrants; Irish Americans; Iron mines and mining -- Accidents; Medical care; Newberry (Mich.); Politics; Professions; Religion; Societies; State hospitals; Volunteers; Voting;
Excerpt  T2S1  0:00 - 2:54  The forming of a parish in Hancock
Subject terms: Hancock, MI; Bishop Baraga; St. Anne's; St. Joseph - St. Patrick; Religion; Church

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 Rintala, Jack
 

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown). 22 Jul 1973

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 Roberts, Raymond B.
 

Interviewed by:
Litsenberger, John. 9 July 1974 in Interviewee's home in Eagle Harbor, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1860s - 1920s
Places and Names: Eagle River; Calumet; Tamarack, MI; Cornwall, England. Osceola Mine; Tamarack Mining Co.; Calumet and Arizona Mining Co.; Copper Falls Mine; White City
Subjects: Alcohol; Calumet & Arizona Mining Company; Copper mines and mining; Cornwall (England : County); Eagle River (Mich.); Emigration and immigration; Fires; Fishing; Lake Steamers; Mines and mineral resources, Prehistoric Picnics; Railroad travel; School; Sleighs; Steam boats; United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865;
Excerpt  T1S2  5:32 - 7:02  Picnics and excursions
Subject terms: Picnics; Excursions; Leisure; Boat trips; Rail trips; Free time

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 Rogers, Theodore
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Helgren, Dorias & Harju, Larry. 7 Aug 1974
Excerpt  T1S2  15:58 - 25:52  Early police cars, communications, and ambulance services. Crimes.
Subject terms: Police vehicles; Communication; Ambulances; Crime

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 Rozich, Frances
 Born 1915
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, R.J. 8 Aug 1972
Inclusive dates: 1870s - 1970s
Places and Names: Mohawk; Central, MI. Mohawk Mining Co.; Central Mine; 'Copper Henry'; 'Hermit Joe Bammert'; Pete Sauer
Subjects: Anecdotes; Catholic Church; Central Mine (Mich.); Clergy; Copper miners' strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Copper mines and mining; Dentists; Great Depression; Housing; Ice skating; Italian Hall Disaster, Calumet, Mich., 1913; Medical care; Mohawk (Mich.); Mohawk Mining Company; Physicians; Piano; Politics;
Excerpt  T1S2  0:00 - 0:56  Mining companies sold their houses off very cheaply
Subject terms: Company housing; Mining companies; Mohawk, MI

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 Ruohonen, Mr. and Mrs. Jack
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art ; Petaisto, Heikki (translator). 1 Jul 1972

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 Ruohoniemi, Hilda
 Born 1905
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, Paul. 9 Aug 1972
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1930s
Places and Names: Isle Royale Mine
Subjects: Commuting; Copper mines and mining; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Cross-country skiing; Education; Family -- History; School; Teachers; Wages;
Excerpt  T1S1  18:50 - 20:20  Commuting from Boston location to Isle Royale mine
Subject terms: Copper mines and mining; Isle Royale mine; Streetcars; Commuting; Ford automobile
Excerpt  T1S1  0:00 - 7:58  A Finn's experiences after immigration
Subject terms: Emigration and immigration; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Living conditions

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 Ruona, Bill and Nora
 Bill Born in 1903, Baltic, Mich.; Nora Born in 1907
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 3 Oct 1974 in Interviewee's home
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1940s
Subjects: Baraga (Mich.); Bars (drinking establishments) -- Pelkie (Mich.); Billiard parlors; Characters and characteristics; Chores; Christmas; Communism; Cream-separators; Cupping; Dance halls; Dentistry; Distilling, illicit; Education, Elementary; Entertainment events; Family -- History; Farming; Fires; Floods; General stores; Grasshoppers; Great Depression; Haircutting; Ice -- Manufacture Imports; Influenza; Kerosene lamps; Medical care; Milking; Pelkie (Mich.); Politics; Railroads; Rural schools; Traditional medicine; Wagons;
Excerpt  T2S1-T2S2  30:57 - 31:27 and 0:00 - 1:01  A Grasshopper infestation in Pelkie
Subject terms: Grasshoppers; Pelkie, MI; Farm life

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 Ryding, Rev. Norman
 Born 1934, Ishpeming, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 9 Aug 1972 in Houghton, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1930s - 1970s
Subjects: Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Clergy; Communism; Community life -- Houghton (Mich.); Great Depression; Industrial relations; Labor disputes; Labor unions; Michigan Technological University; Quincy Mining Company; Swedish Americans; Upper Peninsula (Mich.);
Excerpt  T1S2  3:18 - 4:31  Russia's invasion of Finland ends much Communist support amongst American Finns
Subject terms: Communism; Radical ideals; Winter War

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 Saari, Katri ; Keskinen, Vera
 Born 1893

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown). 20 Jul 1973. In Finnish
Inclusive dates: 1900s
Places and Names: Virginia, MN; Duluth; Ironton, MN. Kusti Saari; Risto Lappala; Vilma Lappala
Subjects: Citizenship; Cooking; Education; Emigration and immigration; Knitting; Medicine; Reading; Wages;

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 Salmi, Walter Hugo and Mrs. Mayme
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 8 Aug 1972. In Finnish
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1960s
Places and Names: Toivola, MI. Leo Laukki; Työmies Eteenpäin; Farmer's Coop Trading Company; Gene Saari; Eli Naasko; Copper Country Commercial Club; Kilta Guild; Industrialisti; Työmies; Raivaaja
Subjects: Blacklisting, Labor; Board of directors; Clergy; Communism; Competition; Cooperative societies -- Finland; Cooperative societies; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Copper Range Railroad Company; Creameries; Dairy farming; Demonstrations; Education; Emigration and immigration; Family -- History; Farming; Finland; Finnish Americans; Finnish-American Newspapers; Fisheries; Industrial Workers of the World; Labor disputes; Labor Unions; Laestadianism; Laukki, Leo; Ocean travel; Oral biography; Plays; Poetry reading; Poetry; Politics; Propaganda, Anti-Russian; Religion; Roads -- Design and construction; Roads -- Widening; Schools; Social classes; Socialism; Strikes and lockouts; Supply and demand; Temperance -- Societies, etc; Transatlantic voyages; Työmies Publishing Company; United States. Works Progress Administration; Wages -- Iron River (Mich.); Western Federation of Miners; Workers Alliance of America;

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 Salminen, Fanny (Beck)
 Born in Marquette, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ranta, Elma. 7 Feb 1975 in Marquette, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Northern Michigan University; John D. Pierce Elementary School; Marquette County Fair; Northern State Teacher's College
Subjects: Clergy; Confirmation; Education; Ethnic groups; Family -- History; Northern Michigan University; Northern State Teachers College (Mich.); School -- Marquette (Mich.); Sunday school -- Marquette (Mich.); Teaching; Wages;
Excerpt  T1S2  12:14 - 13:20  Recollections of Marquette County Fair
Subject terms: Marquette, MI; Marquette County Fair

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 Salo, Impi Rautavirta (Saari)
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ollila, Douglas. 17 July 1973 in Hibbing, MN
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Knights and Ladies of Kaleva
Subjects: Alcoholism; Church societies; Community Life; Ethnic festivals; Ethnic relations; Hibbing (Minn.); Home remedies; Iron mines and mining; Labor movements; Language and languages; Medical care; Newspapers; Occupational diseases; Politics; Religion; Strikes and lockouts; Taxation; Temperance--Societies; Traditional medicine; Voting; Wages;
Excerpt  T1S2  20:43 - 22:57  Finnish American church conflict
Subject terms: Hibbing, MN; Church Laestadianism; Suomi Synod; Religion

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 Sarkela, Sandra (Makela)
 Born Dec 1899
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ranta, Elma. 6 Nov 1974 in Negaunee, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1920s
Places and Names: Liverpool, England; Negaunee, MI; Silver City, NM
Subjects: Boardinghouses; Children; Emigration and immigration; Family -- History; Housekeeping; International travel; Iron mines and mining; Liverpool (England); Lumber camps; Mines and mineral resources; Negaunee (Mich.); Ocean travel; Railroad travel; Railroads -- Design and construction; Rural schools; School; Teaching; Transatlantic voyages; Wages; World War, 1914-1918;
Excerpt  T1S1  19:34 - 21:50  Running a boarding house and taking care of the laundry
Subject terms: Boardinghouses; Negaunee, MI; housework; Chores; Laundry

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 Savela, Esther and Wilmer
 Esther Born 1900, Boston, Mich.

Interviewed by:
Armstrong, Helen. 12 Nov 1976
Inclusive dates: 1900s-1950s
Places and Names: Hancock, MI; Houghton, MI; Calumet, MI; Boston, MI. Buellwood Weavers
Subjects: Boston Location (Mich.); Coffee breaks; Crafts; Finnish Americans; Finnish Cooking; Food; Home remedies; Midwifery; Rural education; Scandinavian Americans--Michigan--Social life and customs; Suomi College; Upper Peninsula (Mich.)--Social life and customs Upper Peninsula; Weaving; Wood-carving;
Excerpt  T1S1  10:48-11:31  The purpose and formation of the local weaver's guild.
Subject terms: Weaving; Upper Peninsula;

  ffsc-238
 Schwalm, Fred
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Lavery, Allan. 9 Feb 1974
Inclusive dates: 1880s - 1970s
Places and Names: Baraga, MI. P.F. Pettibone Co.; Stihl Chainsaws
Subjects: Baraga (Mich.); Bars (drinking establishments); Bus driving; Carpentry; Chain saws; Clearing of land; Family -- History; Farming; Furniture -- Prices; Furniture making; Great Depression; Hunting; Logging; Logging; Machine shops; Prices; United States. Works Progress Administration;
Excerpt  Logging and furniture making
Subject terms: Log Transportation; Lumber; Furniture making

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 Seaton, Donald W. and Kenneth
 Seaton born in 1897, England ; MacLean born in Hancock, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 2 July 1973 in Hancock, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Flint, MI. D & N Savings and Loans Association; Copper Country Man of the Year; Frank A. Douglas; William Congdon; Charles D. Hanchette; First National Bank of Hancock; Charles D. Hanchette; James R. Cooper; Scott Hotel; "Home of Thrift"; Herman Gundlach; Endicott Lovell; Servicemen's readjustment act; Michigan Savings and Loans League; Society for the Advancement of Management; US Savings and Loan League; Blanch MacLean
Subjects: Advertising; Architects and builders; Associations, institutions, etc.; Bank robberies; Branch banks; Building; Building designers; Business communication; Community life -- Hancock (Mich.); Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Copper mines and mining -- Michigan; Emigration and immigration; Employee fringe benefits; Employees -- Recruiting; Employees -- Training of; Ethnic groups; Freemasonry; Great Depression; Health insurance; Home ownership; House construction; Housing -- Pricing; Iron Mountain (Mich.); Korean War, 1950-1953; Labor unions; Loans; Marquette (Mich.); Mortgages; Occupational training; Owner-built houses; Patriotism; Politics; Prices; Promotions; Property; Red Cross and Red Crescent; Renting to own; Robbery; Sales personnel; Saving and investment; Savings accounts; Savings and loan associations; Savings bonds; Shopping malls; Slogans; Societies; Stock Market Crash, 1929; Stockholders; Stocks; Thrift institutions; Thriftiness; Traveling sales personnel; Veterans; Vocational education; Welfare and society; World War, 1939-1945;
Excerpt  T1S1  0:41 - 2:54  Story of how D.W. Seaton became manager of D&N
Subject terms: Anecdotes; Savings and loan associations; Hancock, MI
Excerpt  T1S2  39:48 - 41:45  Types of loans financed by D&N
Subject terms: Loans; Savings and loans associations; Detroit & Northern Savings and Loan Association
Excerpt  T1S2  18:56 - 19:42  The beginning of debit card payments
Subject terms: Payment; Banks and banking
Excerpt  T1S2  11:50 - 13:25  Impact of the 1913 Strike on D & N's business
Subject terms: Savings and loan associations; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914
Excerpt  T1S2  10:59 - 13:45  Importance of public relations in the early years of D&N
Subject terms: Savings and loan associations; D.W. Seaton; Public relations; Community life
Excerpt  T1S1  3:46 - 4:24  Choosing agents for the Association
Subject terms: Savings and loan associations; Hancock, MI; Agents; Salesmen
Excerpt  T1S2  5:47 - 7:31  Welfare for the Depression started in the community
Subject terms: Welfare; Community life; Hancock, MI; D & N

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 Seppala, Signe
 Born 1904, Wakefield, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ranta, Elma. 16 Sept 1974 in Marquette, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1940s
Places and Names: Finnish Independent Evangelical Lutheran Church; Dr. Winkler
Subjects: 4-H Clubs; Automobiles; Christmas service; Christmas; Church; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Covington (Mich.); Election day; Ethnic groups -- Covington (Mich.); Ethnic relations; Family -- History; Farming; Finnish Evangelical Lutheran Church of America; Funeral rites and ceremonies Great Depression; Home remedies; Leisure; Outdoor recreation; Physicians; Politics; Religion; Rural schools -- Covington (Mich.); Teachers; United States. Works Progress Administration; Voting;
Excerpt  T1S1  18:24 - 19:41  Hearing a car for the first time
Subject terms: Automobiles; Country life

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 Sheehan, Myrtle (Dwyer) ; Wimlars, Jo
 Born in Ireland

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown). 28 Jan 1976 in Interviewee's Residence in Calumet, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s-1920s
Places and Names: Calumet, MI;
Subjects: Calumet (Mich.); Funerals; Irish Americans; Irish American Catholics; Irish American copper miners; Irish cooking;
Excerpt  Mourning customs
Subject terms: Grief; Religion

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 Shoupe, Mae
 

Interviewed by:
Githens, Monica. 17 Dec 1974
Inclusive dates: 1900-1940s
Places and Names: Franklin Township, MI; Hancock, MI; Isle Royale, MI. Franklin Township School
Subjects: Finnish Americans; Hancock (Mich.); Isle Royale (Mich.) -- History; Rural Education; Scandinavian Americans--Michigan--History Suomi College; Upper Peninsula (Mich.)--Social life and customs;
Excerpt  T1S1  0:20-1:20  On her grandparents moving from Sweden to Isle Royale, MI.
Subject terms: Isle Royale, MI; Rural education; Copper mining

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 Sinervo, Eugene
 Born 1916, Palmer, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ranta, Elma. 23 Apr 1975 in Deerton, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1910s - 1970s
Subjects: Advertising; Amateur plays; Artists' Graphic artists; Bands (Music); Cooperative societies; Drama; Family -- History; Finnish American Newspapers; Finnish-Americans; Halls; Journalism; Lumber camps; Munising (Mich.); Paper mills; Picnics; Plays; Public buildings; Quarries and quarrying; Sign painting; Superior (Wis.); Television stations
Excerpt  T1S1  6:45 - 9:15  An invention for the paper mill in Munising
Subject terms: Paper mills; Munising, MI; Equipment; Machinery

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 Slagg, Mrs
 

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 30 Aug 1977 in Interviewee's home in Hancock, Mich.
Places and Names: Dollar Bay, MI; Houghton, MI; Hancock, MI. Dollar Bay Lumber Company; Houghton Sawmill
Subjects: Dollar Bay (Mich.); Houghton (Mich.); Sawmills;

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 Smith, Mason
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael
Inclusive dates: 1940s - 1960s
Subjects: Agricultural laws and legislation; Animal waste -- Law and legislation; Cheese factories; Dairy farming; Dairy inspection; Dairy laws; Dairy products industry; Finnish Americans; Michigan Milk Producers Association; Milk -- Pasteurization; Milk hygiene; Milk; Milking machines; Prices Raw milk; Red Owl Stores, Inc; Supermarkets;
Excerpt  T1S1  12:07 - 13:49  The taste of milk depends a lot on the conditions the cow is kept in
Subject terms: Cows; Milk; Hygiene; Dairy farming

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 Snabb, Henry
 Born 25 Dec 1906, Sweden
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Anderson, Wallace. 7 Aug 1973 in Interviewee's home in Ahmeek, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Seneca mine
Subjects: Copper; Copper mines and mining; Emigration and immigration; Ethnic groups; Italian Hall Disaster, Calumet, Mich., 1913; Leisure & Recreation; Medical care; Mules; Swedish Americans;
Excerpt  T1S1  11:34 - 14:39  Eyewitness account of the Italian Hall Disaster
Subject terms: Italian Hall Disaster; Calumet, MI

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 Snyder, John W.
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Barr, Robert J. 24 July 1974
Inclusive dates: 1940s - 1970s
Places and Names: Baraga County; Pequaming, MI; L'Anse, MI. Michigan Department of Natural Resources
Subjects: Anecdotes; Deer hunting; Fishing; Ford Motor Company; Hunting; Law enforcement -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Logging trucks; Lumber camps; Michigan. Dept. of Natural Resources; Pequaming (Mich.); Poaching; Poaching; Superior, Lake Trapping;
Excerpt  T1S2  25:00 - 27:39  A group get stranded on an ice flow in Superior
Subject terms: Ice flows; Lake Superior; Upper Peninsula (Mich.)

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 Spirofff, Kiril
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 20 June 1973 in Interviewee's home
Inclusive dates: 1910s - 1970s
Places and Names: Isle Royale Mine; Gene Saari; "Flaming Corncob"; The Lode
Subjects: Americanization; Anaconda (Mont.); Battle Creek (Mich.); Bulgarian Americans; College Sports; College student newspapers and periodicals; Copper mines and mining; Emigration and immigration; Engineering geologists; Ethnic groups; Ethnic relations; Family -- History; Great Depression; Iron mines and mining; Italian Americans; Lead mines and mining; Leisure; Michigan Technological University; Prohibition; Quincy Mining Company; Recreation; Silver mines and mining; Strikes and lockouts -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.) United States. Works Progress Administration -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Zinc mines and mining;
Excerpt  T1S2  15:49 - 19:42  The ethnic make up of the mining industry in the UP
Subject terms: Upper Peninsula; Copper mines and mining; Ethnic groups; Emigration and immigration

  ffsc-249
 Sullivan, John L.
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Helgren, Dorias & Harju, Larry. 24 Jul 1974

  ffsc-250
 Sullivan, John L.
 Born in Calumet, Mich.

Interviewed by:
Helgren, Brian. 23 Jul 1974 in Michigan State Police Post: Calumet, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1920-1950s
Places and Names: Calumet, MI. Calumet Police Station; Calumet Theatre; Calumet Fire Station
Subjects: Calumet (Mich.)--History; Personal history; Rural crime;
Excerpt  T1S2  .  Chief Sullivan talks about arresting someone after reading off a blank "warrant."
Subject terms: Calumet, MI; Rural crime

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 Suojanen, Reino
 Born 1902, South Carver, MA
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, Paul. 19 July 1972
Inclusive dates: 1910s - 1970s
Places and Names: Fitchburg, MA. Pohjan Tähti; New Yorkin Uutiset; Raivaaja; Amerikan Suomalainen; Amerikan Suometar; Opas; Valvoja; WHDF Radio, Calumet; Finnish Civil War; New York Times
Subjects: Americanization Boardinghouses -- Calumet (Mich.); Church; Civil War -- Finland; Editorials; Ethnic radio broadcasting; Ethnic relations; Finnish Americans; Finnish-American Newpapers; Great Depression; Journalism; Laestadianism; Linotype; Moral Re-armament (Organization); Politics; Radio broadcasting; Reading; Socialism; Temperance -- Societies, etc.; Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Wages -- Newspaper publishing;
Excerpt  T2S1  0:00 - 1:49  Moral Re-armament group
Subject terms: Religion; Moral Re-armament; Calumet, MI

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 Suomi, Hilja
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 3 Oct 1974 in Interviewee's home in Alston, Mich. In Finnish
Inclusive dates: 1920s - 1940s
Places and Names: A.L. Heideman; Matt Turunen
Subjects: Bedbugs Boardinghouses; Church; Communism; Country life; Floods -- Pelkie (Mich.); General stores; Logging; Logging; Lumber camps; Midwifery; Mineral Range Railroad Company; Religion;

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 Supanich, Mrs. Mike
 Born 1910, Laurium, Mich.

Interviewed by:
Antila, Elroy. 12 Aug 1975 in Interviewee's home in Mohawk, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1910s-1920s
Places and Names: Calumet, MI; Laurium, MI. Wolverine School; Centennial School
Subjects: Calumet (Mich.); Laurium (Mich.); Rural education; Wolverine (Mich.)

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 Suvanto, Price Arvo
 Born 1903, Helsinki
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ranta, Elma. 15 Feb 1975 in Marquette, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Helsinki, Finland; Copenhagen, Denmark; Hull, England; Glasgow, Scotland; Quebec, Canada; Marquette, MI
Subjects: Bars (drinking establishments); Delivery of goods; Education; Emigration and immigration; Ethnic groups; Family -- History; Fishing; Glasgow (Scotland); Helsinki (Finland); Hull (England); International travel; Language and languages; Ocean travel; Railroad travel; Retirement Schools; Titanic (Steamship); Transatlantic voyages;
Excerpt  T1S1  16:58 - 18:39  A stop off in Glasgow, Scotland on the way to America
Subject terms: Travel; Emigration and immigration; Glasgow, Scotland; Finnish Americans

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  ffsc-400
 Tahtinen, Don ; Pelto, Alfred
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown)
Places and Names: Pelkie, MI
Subjects: Farming -- Pelkie (Mich.); Cabbage; Potatoes; Fertilizer; Mosquitoes; Gardening

  ffsc-255
 Tainio, Onnie E.
 Born 30 Apr 1905, Kannus, Finland
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Niemi, Adrian. 10 Feb 1975 in Interviewee's home in Duluth, Minn.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Brocket, ND; Duluth, MN. Bailey Lumber Co.; Bush Conservatory, Chicago; Pat Conway
Subjects: Bands (Music); Clearing of land; Duluth Symphony Orchestra Education; Emigration and immigration; Ethnic relations; Eveleth (Minn.); Farming; Great Depression; Iron mines and mining; Ithaca College; Logging; Music; Payne (Minn.); University of Minnesota; Virginia (Minn.); Wages;
Excerpt  T1S1  27:11 - 30:47  Working in a band
Subject terms: Bands; Music; Summer work

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 Tapiola Senior Citizen's Club
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. April 1974 in Tapiola Senior Citizens Club
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1940s
Places and Names: Bridgeman Russell; Otter Lake; Electric Park
Subjects: Agriculture; Berries; Blueberries; Bread; Canning and preserving; Characters and characteristics; Chores; Clearing of land; Coffee; Community life; Country life; Creameries -- Pelkie (Mich.); Dances; Emigration and immigration; Family; Farming; Farming; Fires; Fishing; Fruit trees; Gardens; Homestead law; Housekeeping; Laundry; Leisure; Local exchange trading systems; Log transportation; Logging; Lumber camps; Milking; Picnics; Recreation; Salted fish; Salting of food; Turpeinen, Viola, 1909-1958; Washboards;
Excerpt  T1S1  2:59 - 3:49  Mistaken identity of the family cow
Subject terms: Cows; Dairy; Milking; Farm life
Excerpt  T1S2  12:25 - 16:16  Stories about local character Bill Dorphy
Subject terms: Local characters; Dorphy, Bill; Home remedies

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 Tauriainen, Matt and Hilja
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 28 July 1972 in Askel, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1890s - 1970s
Places and Names: Otter Lake
Subjects: Askel (Mich.); Carpentry; Chores; Communities Copper mines and mining; Deer; Family -- History; Farming; Finnish-American newspapers; Fishing; Great Depression; Medical care; Midwifery; Mosquitoes; Physicians; Salting of food; Sauna; United States. Works Progress Administration -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.);

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 Tervonen, Helena (Rajala)
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ollila, Douglas. 17 July 1973 in Chisolm, Minn.
Inclusive dates: 1920s - 1970s
Places and Names: Toronto, Canada; Chisholm, MN. Finnish Swedes; Toronto Bible College
Subjects: Baptist converts; Church; Citizenship; Emigration and immigration; Ethnic groups; Ethnic relations; Lutherans, Finnish; Politics; Preaching Religion; Religious life; Spiritual life; Voting;
Excerpt  T1S2  25:41 - 26:51  Success of non Lutheran churches with the Finns
Subject terms: Church; Baptists; Methodists; Religion; Finnish Americans

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 Tikkanen, Ailie
 Born 1917, Wolverine, Mich.

Interviewed by:
Armstrong, Helen. 11 Nov 1976 in Interviewee's home in Laurium, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1920s-1950s
Places and Names: Laurium, MI;
Subjects: Cheese making; Coffee breaks; Cupping; Finnish cooking; Food preservation; Food; Home remedies; Knitting; Laurium (Mich.); Midwifery; Recipes--Michigan; Scandinavian Americans--Michigan--Social life and customs; Weaving; Wolverine (Mich.);
Excerpt  T1S2  5:44-6:30  Mrs. Tikkanen talks about coffee breaks and meal time on the farm.
Subject terms: Coffee breaks; Farm life; Finnish-Americans

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 Todd, William Parsons
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, Paul. 19 March 1975
Excerpt  T2S1  42:36.-46:57 / 0:00-3:21  Communism. The strike and World War I. Contracting agencies to hire strikebreakers (scabs). The problem of transporting and keeping strikebreakers.
Subject terms: Communism; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914; World War I; Strikebreakers; Transportation
Excerpt  T2S1  19:13 - 24:04  Air blasts. Stope height. “I don’t know if we ever lost a man from air blasts, directly.” Underground deaths. Miner dying from chasing pigeon. “[Deaths] underground very seldom really anything but men’s own fault.”
Subject terms: Copper mines and mining -- Accidents;
Excerpt  T2S1  33:30 - 41:21  Mining Companies during strike. Condition of unemployed men. Correspondence with Michigan governor in 1913. National Guard and Michigan militia. World War II Unions. Mobs at shaft houses, “most men had to have their wives take them to work."
Subject terms: Copper mines and mining; Militia; Strikes and lockouts; Mobs; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich., 1913-1914
Excerpt  T2S1  25:15 - 31:37  “Q: How strong was the union at its peak?” One-man machine. The strikers were after “the easy life…” Meeting with Union leaders. Wages. Corporate paternalism (doctors, drug stores). Working conditions.
Subject terms: Labor unions; Work environment; Strikes and lockouts; Wages

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 Torkala, Mrs. Helen
 Born 1892, Finland
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Jalkanen, Paul. 7 Aug 1972
Inclusive dates: 1890s - 1970s
Places and Names: New York, NY; Ishpeming, Calumet, MI; Detroit, MI. Aid for Finland; A.L. Heideman
Subjects: Boardinghouses; Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Copper mines and mining; Education; Emigration and immigration; Family -- History; Great Depression; Home remedies; Newspapers; Ocean travel; Politics; Radio broadcasters; Radio; Religion; Schools; Tailoring; Teaching; Transatlantic voyages; Wages;
Excerpt  T1S2  13:14 - 14:25  Petitioning Roosevelt to get famine aid to Finland
Subject terms: Finnish aid; President Roosevelt; Rev Heideman

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 Torma, Fred
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Petaisto, Heikki (translator)

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 Train, Alger
 Born in Calumet, Mich.

Interviewed by:
Berry, Betty. 20 Sep 1973 in Interviewee's home in Laurium, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1895-1920
Places and Names: Calumet, MI; Ahmeek, MI. Calumet and Hecla;
Subjects: Ahmeek (Mich.); Calumet (Mich.); Ethnic relations; Mining; Upper Peninsula (Mich.)--Social life and customs; Upper Peninsula (Mich.)--Songs and music; Wages;

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 Train, Alfred and Winifred (Moore)
 Born in Calumet, Mich.

Interviewed by:
Berry, Betty. Sep 1973 in Interviewees' home in Laurium, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1903-1950s
Places and Names: Calumet, MI; Lake Linden, MI; Laurium, MI. Calumet Union Building; Calumet women's club; Calumet Theater; Vivian Store
Subjects: Calumet (Mich.); Department stores; Ethnic relations; Lake Linden (Mich.); Laurium (Mich.); Upper Peninsula (Mich.)--Social life and customs; Upper Peninsula (Mich.)--Songs and music; Women's clubs;
Excerpt  Women's clubs and dress codes
Subject terms: Women--Societies and clubs; Dress codes

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 Trezise, Norman
 Born 1888, Ishpeming, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Helgren, Dorias & Harju, Larry. 8 Aug 1974 in Calumet, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1930s - 1950s
Subjects: Autopsy; Brothels; Copper mines and mining -- Accidents; Exhumation;Law enforcement; Prostitution; Shipwrecks; Slot machines;

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 Tuomi, Fanni
 

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown). 22 Aug 1977

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 Turunen, Evelyn
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Elaine. 28 Sept 1974
Inclusive dates: 1920s - 1970s
Subjects: Babysitting; Basketball; Canning and preserving; Chores; Church; Education; Electricity; Farm Life -- Pelkie (Mich.); Farming; Games; Language and languages; Leisure; Milk; Parenting; Rural schools; School sports; Skiing; Tobogganing;
Excerpt  Children's games and past times
Subject terms: Games; Card games; Baseball; Recreation

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 Turunen, Reuben
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 28 Sept 1974 in Pelkie, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Pelkie, MI. Matt Turunen; Pastor Koski; Pastor Groop; Pastor Pikkusaari; Emil Pelto; Maki's store
Subjects: Candy; Cheese factories -- Pelkie (Mich.); Chores; Clearing of land; Clergy; Communism; Cooperative societies; Creameries -- Pelkie (Mich.); Education; Entrepreneurship; Family -- History; Farming; Finnish Americans; Floods; Ford Motor Company; Languages and language; Logging -- Upper Peninsula (Mich.); Logging trucks; Lumber Camps; Lutheran church; Parenting; Pelkie (Mich.); Sawmills; School discipline; Schools; Sunday schools; Teachers; Tractors; Tree stump removal;
Excerpt  T1S1  21:08 - 23:03  Activities for the children during their free time
Subject terms: Children's games; Pastimes; Entertainment; Sports

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 Unknown
 

Interviewed by:
Barr, Robert J.
Inclusive dates: 1910s
Places and Names: Lake Linden, MI. "Big Annie" Clements
Subjects: Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Conflicts; Copper miners' strike, Mich., 1913-1914; Copper mines and mining; Ethnic groups; Gunfights; Law enforcement; Orators; Parades; Strikebreakers; Strikes and lockouts;

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 Uusitalo, Eino ; Erickson, Emil ; Takalo, John ; Hiltunen, Alice
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 24 July 1973
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1940s
Places and Names: Pelkie, MI. Hardy Ryan; Dr. Buckland; Curly Jack; Matt Turunen; Matt Oja; Matt Ruona; "Flat Nose"
Subjects: Agricultural machinery Anecdotes; Bars (drinking establishments); Bears; Bedbugs; Berries; Burning coal; Business enterprises; Canning and preserving; Community life; Cream-separators; Crosscut saws; Distilling, Illicit; Ethnic conflict; Ethnic groups; Ethnic relations; Farm equipment; Federal Land Bank; Finnish Americans; Food Preservation; Framing; Game wardens; General stores; Great Depression; Hardwoods; Home remedies; Knife fighting; Landlords; Landowners; Lice; Loans; Local exchange trading systems; Log transportation; Logging -- Equipment and supplies; Lumber camps; Medical care; Partnership; Physicians; Poaching; Railroads; Storytelling; Superstition; Swearing; Swedish Americans; Timber; Traditional medicine; Tree felling; Tree stump removal; Trees; Venison; Wages;
Excerpt  T1S1  2:55 - 4:11  Predicting the future on New Year's Eve
Subject terms: Customs; Visiting; Superstition; Predictions
Excerpt  T2S1  10:12 - 11:51  Conflicts between the Finns and the Swedes in Baraga
Subject terms: Fights; Swedish Americans; Finnish Americans; Ethnic conflict
Excerpt  T1S2  5:39 - 6:55  Owning land in Finland
Subject terms: Finland; Landowners; Landlords

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 Vivian, Elizabeth
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Berry, Betty. 30 July 1973 in Houghton, Mich.

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 Waisanen, William
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 31 July 1973 in Pelkie, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1950s
Places and Names: Charlie Warren, Billy Peteski; Alphonse 'Middy' Gauthier, John Dunsmore, Matt Oja, Matt Ruona, Emil Pelto
Subjects: Cheese factories; Communism; Cooperative societies -- Pelkie (Mich.); Country life; Creameries; Dairy farming; Farming; General stores; Hunting; Prices; Railroad ties; Railroad tracks; Railroads; Socialism; Tree stump removal;
Excerpt  T1S2  14:29 - 17:54  A bad day out hunting
Subject terms: Deer hunting; Anecdotes

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 Waisanen, William, Matt ; Erickson, Art
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 28 Sept 1974 in Pelkie, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1950s
Places and Names: Alston, MI; Pelkie, MI. William Pelkie, John Dunsmore, Bill Dorphy
Subjects: Alcohol; Buildings; Cable cars (Streetcars); Calumet & Hecla Band; Calumet (Mich.); Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Copper mines and mining; Copper Range Railroad Company; Distilling, Illicit; Education Entertainment events; Episcopal Church; Ethnic groups; Freemasonry; General stores; Great Depression; Historic buildings; Houghton County (Mich.); Keweenaw Central Railroad; Keweenaw County (Mich.);Lawrence College (Appleton, Wis.); Librarians; Library resources; Music; Passenger trains; Public libraries; Railroads; Recessions; Schools -- Calumet (Mich.); Societies; Theater and society; Welfare and society; World War, 1914-1918;
Excerpt  T2S2  11:16 - 13:17  Pulling teeth with no anesthetic
Subject terms: Dentistry; Traditional medicine; Alston, MI

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 Wakeham, William and Eva
 Born 14 Mar 1899, England
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 24 July 1973 in Interviewee's home in Liminga
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: Freda Mill
Subjects: Armistice Day--United States Baptism; Butchers; Church; Community life; Cornish pasties; Cornwall (England : County); Cupping; Family -- History; Farming; Funeral service; Great Depression; Haying equipment; Haying; Home remedies; Labor unions; Machine guns; Midwifery; Naturalization; Religion; Traditional medicine; United States. Works Progress Administration; World War, 1914-1918;
Excerpt  T1S1  3:28 - 5:12  Experiences in the British army and World War One
Subject terms: First World War; Armed services; Armistice Day; Battles; Combat

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 Walli, Frank
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ollila, Douglas. 8 Aug 1973
Excerpt  T1S1  2:21 - 12:39  Union Organizing. National Miner’s Union. Wagner Act. International Union of Mine, Mill, and Smelter Workers. Steelworkers' Union. Työmies newspaper. Recruitment of Finns and Italians. Bruno Hall. Treatment of strikers. Unemployment Committees.

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 Warner, Anne and Earl
 Ann Born 1897, Chassell, Mich.

Interviewed by:
Godell, Swande. 18 Aug 1975 in Interviewee's home in Chassell, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900-1940s
Places and Names: Chassel, MI. Chassell School; Knights of Columbus; Chassell Bowling Alley; Knights of Pythias Lodge
Subjects: Chassell (Mich.); Ethnic relations; Knights of Pythias; Rural education; Scandinavian Americans;

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 Wiljanen, Martha
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Ranta, Elma. 15 Oct 1974 in Marquette, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1900s - 1970s
Places and Names: North Range Mining Company; Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Company
Subjects: Clergy; Family -- History; Finnish Americans; Iron mines and mining -- Negaunee (Mich.); Iron mines and mining; Labor unions; Lutheran church; Negaunee (Mich.); North Range Mining Company; Politics; Socialism; Sunday school; Tuberculosis;
Excerpt  T1S1  7:52 - 9:06  The threat of tuberculosis
Subject terms: Tuberculosis; Disease; Milk pasteurization

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 Williams, Barbara
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Art. 3 Aug 1972
Inclusive dates: 1910s - 1940s
Places and Names: Lawrence College, Appleton, WI; Crestview; Electric Park; Eagle River Hotel; Calumet Theater; Hell Town (Wyoming Location); Fortnightly Club; Rambletown
Subjects: Alcohol; Buildings; Cable cars (Streetcars); Calumet & Hecla Band; Calumet (Mich.); Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Copper mines and mining; Copper Range Railroad Company; Distilling, Illicit; Education Entertainment events; Episcopal Church; Ethnic groups; Freemasonry; General stores; Great Depression; Historic buildings; Houghton County (Mich.); Keweenaw Central Railroad; Keweenaw County (Mich.);Lawrence College (Appleton, Wis.); Librarians; Library resources; Music; Passenger trains; Public libraries; Railroads; Recessions; Schools -- Calumet (Mich.); Societies; Theater and society; Welfare and society; World War, 1914-1918;
Excerpt  T2S1  13:31 - 16:00  Recollections of the Calumet and Hecla Band
Subject terms: Calumet & Hecla, C&H, C&H Band, Calumet & Hecla Band, Band, Music, Concerts

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 Willman, Judge Charles
 Born 3 Aug 1908, Rockland, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Heino "Hap". 9 Aug 1973 in Interviewee's home in Ontonagon, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1910s - 1970s
Places and Names: Ontonagon County Historical Society; Upper Peninsula's Writer's Conference
Subjects: Archaeology; Education; Ethnic groups; Excavations (Archaeology); Family -- History; Finnish Americans; Fortune telling; Fraternal organizations; Juvenile delinquents; Lutheran church; Ontonagon County (Mich.); Picnics; Probate courts; Religion; Writing;
Excerpt  T1S2  1:04 - 2:32  Excavation of a burial mound in Baraga
Subject terms: Archaeology; Archaeological excavations; Baraga (Mich.)

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 Willmers, Edward
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Bleise, Arbutus. 2 July 1973
Inclusive dates: 1910s - 1940s
Places and Names: Mrs Juntunen
Subjects: Cupping; Home remedies; Traditional medicine;
Excerpt  T1S2  12:07 - 13:29  Mrs Juntunen's traditional medicine
Subject terms: Home remedies; traditional medicine; Finnish Americans; Mrs Juntunen; Salves

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 Wilmars, Jo (Kelly)
 Born in Ireland

Interviewed by:
(interviewer unknown). 28 Jan 1976
Inclusive dates: 1900s-1920s
Places and Names: Calumet, MI; . Sacred Heart Church; Calumet & Hecla Band; Electric Park; Kelly's Crossing
Subjects: Calumet (Mich.); Calumet (Mich.)--Ethnic relations--History--20th century Calumet & Hecla Band; Irish Americans; Irish Songs and music; Irish Songs and music; Calumet & Hecla Band; Calumet (Mich.)--Ethnic relations--History--20th century
Excerpt  Description of picnics in Electric Park
Subject terms: Electric Park; Picnics;

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 Winker, Dr. Henry J.
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Johnson, Del in Interviewee's home in L'Anse, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1920s - 1960s
Places and Names: Baraga County Memorial Hospital
Subjects: Career development; Education; Ford Motor Company; Ford, Henry, 1863-1947; L'Anse (Mich.); Medical care -- Baraga County (Mich.); Pequaming (Mich.); Physicians; Snowshoes and snowshoeing; Student aid; Wolves;
Excerpt  T1S1  16:11 - 18:36  The doctor tells a group of ladies 'his version' of how he acquired a wolf pelt
Subject terms: Anecdotes; Wolves; Storytelling

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 Wittaniemi, Arvid
 Born 10 Nov 1871, Kemi, Finland
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Loukinen, Michael. 29 Sept 1974
Inclusive dates: 1870s - 1960s
Places and Names: Jacobsville, MI. Bridgeman Russell; Diamond Lumber Company; White Pine Mine
Subjects: Anecdotes; Burial; Cemeteries; Christmas; Communism; Country life; Cows; Discipline of children; Emigration and immigration; Family -- History; Farm equipment; Farming; Farming; Haying equipment; Home remedies; Jacobsville (Mich.); Local exchange trading systems; Parenting; Peddlers; Politics; Presidents -- United States -- Election; Quarries and quarrying -- Equipment and supplies; Quarries and quarrying; Religion; Roads -- Snow and ice control; Sandstone; Shingles; Snowplows; Socialism; Tailoring; Tobacco; Traditional Medicine; Underwear Woodwork;
Excerpt  Methods for cutting sandstone
Subject terms: Building; Sandstone;

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 Woodbury, Edson Odell
 Born 18 Sept 1879, Ontonagon, Mich.
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Puotinen, Heino "Hap". 4 Aug 1972 in Cane Court Senior Citizen's Housing, Ontonagon, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1890s - 1950s
Places and Names: Ontonagon, MI; White Pine, MI; Rockland, MI; Ontonagon Fire, 25 Aug. 1896. Ontonagon Fire, 25th August 1896; Diamond Match Company
Subjects: Baseball; Community life -- Ontonagon (Mich.); Community life -- Ontonagon (Mich.); Community life; Dance parties; Deer; Diamond Match Company; Family -- History; Fires; Fires; General stores; Grade school; Health insurance; Hunting; Journalism; Logging; Lumber camps; Medical care; Militias; Newspapers; Ontonagon (Mich.); Physicians; Railroads; Recreation; Sawmills -- Ontonagon; Scrapbooks; Teachers; Tourism; Vietnam War, 1961-1975;
Excerpt  T2S1  19:35 - 21:57  Railroad gave free travel and shipping to help the victims of the Ontonagon Fire
Subject terms: Ontonagon Fire, 25 Aug. 1896; Relief aid; Railroads; Supplies

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 Yokie, Edith M.
 
 .pdf transcript

Interviewed by:
Parenti, Constance. 9 Aug 1973 in Interviewee's home in Eagle River, Mich.
Inclusive dates: 1850s - 1910s
Places and Names: Hurontown, MI; Dodgeville, MI. Huron Mine
Subjects: Bands (Music); Baseball; Boardinghouses; Buildings; Calumet & Hecla Band; Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; Chimney sweeps; Chores; Christmas; Church buildings; Copper Miners' Strike, Mich, 1913-1914; Copper mines and mining -- Accidents; Copper mines and mining; Delivery of goods; Dodgeville (Mich.); Emigration and immigration; Ethnic groups; Family -- History; Fourth of July celebrations; Funeral rites and ceremonies; Housekeeping; Ice -- Manufacture; Immigrants; Methodist church; Mine lighting; New Year; Nicknames; Occupational physicians; Physicians; Railroads; Recreation; Transportation;
Excerpt  T1S2  14:11 - 15:11  4th of July celebrations would have miners' competitions
Subject terms: 4th of July celebrations; Competitions; Mining equipment